The Theosophical Movement in Yugoslavia during the WW II

When the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was occupied, in the beginning of April 1941, members of the Theosophical Society in Yugoslavia in Zagreb ceased with any activity and turned the Society’s Headquarters into private apartment to protect the Society’s property against the quisling authorities.

While, in spite of occupation, members in Ljubljana continued with their work and illegally met in the notary office on Dalmatinova street 3. Supported by some members of the Rotary Club who procured the basic equipment for typing and propagation, they were preparing texts and actively joined the Liberation Front.

During the war perished 186 out of 378 members of the Theosophical Society in Yugoslavia, so the membership was nearly halved. Out of the members of the Lodge in Ljubljana two were sent to concentration camps, six to forced labor, three were imprisoned and four killed.


Germany, Italy and Hungary each annexed parts of Slovenia
http://www.ff.unilj.si/oddelki/zgodovin/wwwrepe/20th/Slovenia%20Second%20World%20War.pdf

while on the territory of Croatia there was established the Independent State of Croatia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independent_State_of_Croatia

and on the territory of Serbia the Nedić’s Serbian State
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nedi%C4%87%27s_Serbia

Some other links regarding the History of Slovenia,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Slovenian_history#1910s and further,
its fight against fascism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TIGR
and on the history of Balkans
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Balkans

Following the Yugoslav partisan resistance to German, Hungarian, and Italian occupation and elimination of quisling groups, there was established the Federal National Republic of Yugoslavia in 1945, of which Slovenia formed a constituent republic.


This is fifth in the series of articles which tend to represent the history of the theosophical movement in Slovenia and former Yugoslavia. It is based on the presently available data and will be regularly updated with new recognitions where they come in our view. Therefore, readers are kindly asked to constructively collaborate in this representation with particulars known to them and which will further elucidate the history of the theosophical movement in Slovenia and former Yugoslavia.

Anton Rozman

Last update: January 2009
Copyright © 2005 Theosophy in Slovenia