THEOSOPHIA
A Living Philosophy For Humanity

Volume XVII
No. 3 (85) Winter - 1960-61

[Cover Photo: Island of Salagnon, Lac Leman, Switzerland (Photo by B. Fransioli, Montreauz.)]

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THEOSOPHIA
A Living Philosophy for Humanity

Published every Three Months. Sponsored by an International Group of Theosophists.
Objectives: To uphold and promote the Original Principles of the modern Theosophical Movement, and to disseminate the teachings of the Esoteric Philosophy as set forth by H.P. Blavatsky and her Teachers.
Editor: Boris de Zirkoff.
Subscriptions: $1.50 a year (four issues); single copy 40 cents. Send all subscriptions, renewals and correspondence to: 615 South Oxford Avenue, Los Angeles 5, California. Make checks and money orders payable to "Theosophia."

None of the organized Theosophical Societies, as such, are responsible for any ideas expressed in this magazine, unless contained in an official document. The Editor is responsible for unsigned articles only.

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THOUGHTS TO REMEMBER

A Prayer

"Keep my worship fresh, Dear Father; Do not let me go to sleep on the easy couch of formalism. May I he born every day; and each night let me practice dying so I can be born again. Let me find out what has been found before, but let me find it for myself. Let me wear my own clothes, not the rotted garments of long-dead priests.

"Let me listen with love and thoughtfulness to all that has been said. Let me doubt everything until it has been proven. Then let me doubt the proof - not in insolence or caprice, but because the shape of living is a question-mark.

"Put away my hunger for answers, and let me feed on the longing for what I do not know.

"Keep alive my wonder, which is born in mystery and can only survive in mystery. Let my faith he analytical, rejecting those neat explanations which would dilute my amazement.

"Let me be a mind, guided by a soul, guided by a God. Let my nerves, while they exist, throb with Your thoughts. Lead me to rejoice in the Time-Trinity of What I am not, What I am, and What I may yet be." - A Prayer by Robert E. Lee, the noted playwright. Reprinted by permission from The Oneonta Messenger, South Pasadena, California, June 12, 1960. [3]

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EAST OF TOMORROW ...
Boris de Zirkoff

Once more we stand at the mystic Portals of Januarius with hope undimmed in our hearts. The old and venerable Janus, the god with two faces, one turned towards the past and the other towards the future, has opened many a door for us. His is a magic key, ... Another turn of the lock, perchance, and lo, we have passed beyond the distant horizon, farther than the opalescent lights of the dawn ... East of Tomorrow ... in the Land of Dreams ...

The arrogant deception based on coercion, deceit, cruelty and exploitation, which some like to call "Christian civilization" and others "the age of science," is no more. It has taken its rightful place upon the smouldering heap of historical garbage.

War is dead. Men have learned to live as brothers, realizing their essential oneness, their common origin in Mother Nature, their unbreakable fraternity under the stars. Nations have disarmed, because men's minds have shed their armaments of hatred, revenge, brutal force, injustice and aggression, and have gained at least a degree of inner peace. The millions of the armies and the navies - parasites who led totally unproductive lives in their ranks, for no creative purpose whatsoever - have become a nightmare of the past. A worldwide police force has been organized to maintain order, armed "to the teeth" - with the intangible power of sheer integrity, the pursuit of justice, and the ideal of fair play for all.

Historians write of a bygone and distant era when individual nations and ethnic groups used to butcher each other by the million to secure uncontested possession of mineral resources, water power, or fertile areas, resulting in world-wide starvation of children, refugee camps, forced labor, bombed out cities, and other lurid conditions following upon epidemics of insanity. Some there are who can hardly believe their tales, and ascribe theirs to an over-heated imagination on the part of historian-enthusiasts ...

Together with organized warfare, organized religion has also been disbanded, as a potent seed of class struggle, entrenched ignorance, and insane fanaticism. Men have learned the beginnings of a life based on simple brotherhood, Preachers have lost their message, and big cathedrals their financial support. Nature, the Mighty Mother, has become once again the Temple where clear-minded people worship in the silence, and commune with the Great Spirit which informs and infills all that is.

The natural resources of all the lands have been pooled, and are administered by the ablest people, in council assembled. There are no "haves" and no "have-nots." The products of Nature are the property of all men, as they are intended to be, and neither profit nor power can be derived from their exploitation or hoarding.

Cities, such as have been known in the past, with their teeming millions, their inhuman slums, their polluted air, their massed poverty and overweening wealth, are no more. They have been replaced by garden-cities wherein Nature is Queen, and people live [4] surrounded with the magic touch of her incomparable beauty.

A balanced rate of births and deaths has been achieved by means as natural and wholesome as the food men eat and the air they breathe, so that none of the pitiful problems of over-population can ever disturb the just equilibrium that has been established by means of self-control, mutual respect and sane judgment.

Politics have been outgrown, together with all the other unproductive and silly methods of achieving power over others, and people are ruled by the most enlightened men and women within their ranks, motivated by the ideal of service to mankind.

"An Utopian dream," some will say. "A stupid speculation, unrealistic and useless," others may comment ... No more stupid, it seems to us, than the "dreams" of aircraft, atomic energy, earth-satellites, United Nations (even if imperfect yet!) television, radio, and the like. All the latter have been successfully carried out, at least to the degree reached at the moment, with no great change in the nature of man, no large-scale improvement of his ethical standard, and with a mass of outgrown traditions and molds of mind still throttling the best part of the human mind and heart. What may not be human achievements and victories the world over when men's hearts and minds are changed, when they undergo a radical transmutation of both aim and purpose, and a nobler philosophy takes hold of their souls! All the relative victories over Nature which we are so proud of today will be superseded by knowledge and power immeasurably greater, because based on the ability of working with Nature, and of tapping her spiritual resources as well. The end of this can hardly be conceived! ....

We are back with our old friend, the god Janus, who holds the key to 1961. In a world sick of violence and injustice, tired of bickering and malice, let us reassert our Ideals, reaffirm our resolutions, and revitalize our Dreams ... It is the "dreamers" of the race who have impregnated the collective mentality of Mankind, sown seeds of ideals in the hearts of men. It is they who have been throughout the ages the Pioneers of the Spirit, and from their torches have been lighted the smaller flames of other men who have caught a glimpse of the Great Vision upon the horizon of their souls, and have set full sail towards the lights of Dawn ... the Land of their Dreams ... East of Tomorrow ...

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"And let no one imagine that it is a mere fancy, the attaching of importance to the birth of the year. The earth passes through its definite phases and man with it; and as a day can be colored so can a year. The astral life of the earth is young and strong between Christmas and Easter. Those who form their wishes now will have added strength to fulfill them consistently." - H.P. Blavatsky, Lucifer, Vol. I, January, 1888, p. 338. [5]

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H.P. BLAVATSKY ON THE NATURE OF THEOSOPHY

[Excerpts translated from the French essay "Le Phare de I'Inconnu" - (The Beacon of the Unknown) originally published in La Revue Theosophique, May to August, 1889.]

Theosophy ... comes to us from the extreme East, as did the Theosophy of Plotinus and Iamblichus and even the mysteries of ancient Egypt. Do not Homer and Herodotus tell us, in fact, that the ancient Egyptians were the "Ethiopians of the East," who came front Lanka or Ceylon, according to their descriptions? For it is generally acknowledged that the people whom those two authors call Ethiopians of the East were no other than a colony of very dark-skinned Aryans, the Dravidians of Southern India, who took an already existing civilization with them to Egypt. This took place during the prehistoric ages which Baron Bunsen calls pre-Menite (before Menes), but which have a history of their own, to be found in the ancient Annals of Kulluka-Bhatta. Besides, and apart from the esoteric teachings, which are not divulged to a mocking public, the historical researches of Colonel Vans Kennedy the great rival in India of Dr. Wilson as a Sanskritist, show us flat pre-Assyrian Babylonia was the home of Brahmanism, and of Sanskrit as a sacerdotal language. We also know, if Exodus is to believed, that Egypt had, long before the time of Moses, its diviners, its hierophants and its magicians; that is to say, before the XIXth dynasty. Finally Brugsh-Bey sees in many of the gods of Egypt, immigrants from beyond the Red Sea and the great waters of the Indian Ocean.

Whether that be so or not, Theosophy is a descendant in direct line of the great tree of universal GNOSIS, a tree, the luxuriant branches of which, spreading over the whole earth like a great canopy, overshadowed during one epoch which Biblical chronology is pleased to call antediluvian - all the temples and all the nations of the earth. That gnosis represents the aggregate of all the sciences, the accumulated knowledge of all the gods and demi-gods incarnated in former times upon the earth. There are some who would like to see in these the fallen angels and the enemy of mankind; those sons of God who, seeing that the daughters of men were fair, took them for wives and imparted to them all the secrets of heaven and earth. Let them think so. We believe in Avataras and in divine dynasties, in an epoch when there were in fact "giants upon the earth," but we emphatically repudiate the idea of "fallen angels," and of Satan and his army.

"What then is your religion or your belief?" we are asked. "What is your favorite study?"

"TRUTH," we reply. Truth wherever we find it; for, like Ammonius Saccas, our great ambition would be to reconcile the different religious systems, to help each one to find the truth in his own religion while obliging him to recognize it in that of his neighbor. What matters the name if the thing itself is essentially the same? Plotinus, Iamblichus, and Apollonius of Tyana, all three, had, it is said, the wonderful gifts of prophecy, of clairvoyance, and of healing, although belonging to three different schools. Prophecy was an art cultivated by the [6] Essenes of the B'ni Nebim among the Jews as well as by the priests of the pagan oracles. The disciples of Plotinus attributed miraculous powers to their master; Philostrabus has claimed the same for Apollonius, while Iamblichus had the reputation of surpassing all the other Eclectics in Theosophic Theurgy. Ammonius declared that all moral and practical wisdom was contained in the books of Thoth or Hermes Trismegistus. But "Thoth" means a "college," school or assembly, and the works of that name, according to the theodidactos, were identical with the doctrines of the sages of the extreme East. If Pythagoras acquired his knowledge in India (where he is mentioned to this day in old manuscripts under the name of Yavanacharya* (* A term which comes from the words Yavana or the "Ionian," and acharya, "professor or master" - the "Greek Master"), Plato gained his from the books of Thoth-Hermes. How the younger Hermes - the god of the shepherds, surnamed "the good shepherd" - who presides over divination and clairvoyance, became identical with the Thoth (or Thot) the deified sage and the author of the Book of the Dead - only the esoteric doctrine can reveal to the Orientalists.

Every country has had its Saviours. He who dissipates the darkness of ignorance by the help of the torch of science, thus disclosing to us the truth, deserves that title as a mark of our gratitude, quite as much as he who saves us from death by healing our bodies. Such an one awakens in our benumbed souls the faculty of distinguishing the true from the false, by kindling therein a divine flame hitherto absent, and he has the right to our grateful reverence, for he has become our creator. What matters the name or the symbol that personifies the abstract idea, if that idea is always the same and is true? Whether the concrete symbol bears one title or another, whether the Saviour in whom we believe has for an earthly name Krishna, Buddha, Jesus, or Aesculapius - also called the "Saviour God," ... we have but to remember one thing: symbols of divine truths were not invented for the amusement of the ignorant; they are the alpha and omega of philosophic thought.

Theosophy being the way that leads to Truth, in every religion as in every science, occultism is, so to say, the touchstone and universal solvent. It is the thread of Ariadne given by the master to the disciple who ventures into the labyrinth of the mysteries of being; the torch that lights him through the dangerous maze of life, forever the enigma of the Sphinx. But the light thrown by this torch can only be discerned by the eye of the awakened soul, by our spiritual senses; it blinds the eye of the materialist as the sun blinds the owl.

Having neither dogma nor ritual - these two being but fetters, the material body which suffocates the soul - we do not employ the "ceremonial magic" of the Western Kabalists; we know its dangers too well to have any thing to do with it. In the T.S. every Fellow is at liberty to study what he pleases, provided he does not venture into unknown paths which would of a certainty lead him to black magic, the sorcery against which Eliphas Levi so openly warned the public. The occult sciences are dangerous for him who [7] understands them imperfectly. Anyone who gave himself up to their practices alone would run the risk of becoming insane and those who study them would do well to unite in small groups of from three to seven. These groups ought to be uneven in numbers in order to have more power; a group, however little cohesion it may possess, forming a single united body wherein the senses and perceptions of the single units complement and mutually help each other, one member supplying to another the quality in which he is wanting, - such a group will always end by becoming a perfect and invincible body. "Union is strength." The moral fable of the old man bequeathing to his sons a bundle of sticks which were never to be separated, is a truth which will forever remain axiomatic.

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REINCARNATION AND CHRISTIANITY
Harold W. Dempster
(Concluded.)

Origen's school, which was frequented by pagans, soon became a nursery of neophytes, confessors, and martyrs. He traveled and preached as a layman and later was raised to the priesthood.

A decree of banishment was issued against him "and another deposing him from the priesthood."

"St. Jerome declares expressly that he was not condemned on a point of doctrine.

"He quit Alexandria and formed a new school at Caesarea in Palestine where he was surrounded by pupils, amongst whom were St. Gregory Thaumaturgus and his brother Apollodorus, who upon leaving the school after five years delivered a celebrated `Farewell Address.'

"In 253 Origen was imprisoned and barbarously tortured, but his courage was unshaken and from his prison he wrote letters breathing the spirit of the martyrs. He died in 254, probably as a result of the suffering received during his persecution. His last days were spent at Tyr.

"He was buried with honor as a confessor of the faith. For a long time his sepulchre, behind the high altar of the Cathedral of Tyr was visited by many pilgrims.

"Frequenting the philosophic schools, especially that of Ammonius Saccas, he devoted himself to the study of the philosophies, particularly Plato and the Stoics. In this he was but following the example of his predecessors. Pantenus, Clement and Heracles, who succeeded him. [[?]] He learned Hebrew and communicated with certain Jews who helped him solve his difficulties."

According to H.P. Blavatsky, in her The Key to Theosophy (p. 3): "Ammonius Saccas was the son of Christian parents, and, having been repelled by dogmatic spiritualistic Christianity from his childhood, became a Neo-Platonist ... He resolved to reconcile every system of religion, and by demonstrating their identical origin to establish one universal creed based on ethics. His life [8] was so blameless and pure, his learning so profound and vast, that several Church Fathers were his secret disciples ... He had a School of Philosophy at Rome."

In a pamphlet entitled "New Platonism and Alchemy" by Dr. Alexander Wilder, F.T.S., it is stated that Ammonius "very properly supposed that the purpose of Jesus was to restore the great doctrine of Wisdom in its primitive integrity."

The school of Ammonius was both esoteric and exoteric. Reincarnation, in its deeper aspects, was confined to the Inner School as is the case in all ages. The exoteric concepts that prevailed in the public mind were incomplete and in some cases erroneous and even ridiculous. But since 1875, Blavatsky, de Purucker and others have made known, by generous detailed explanations, teachings that formerly had been kept secret. Christianity, having lost its connection with these inner sources of knowledge, and as it became more dogmatic and orthodox, attempted to sweep "under the rug" what knowledge it had on the subject, by ruling it out in its Councils and edicts, and by destroying or withdrawing all writings concerning it. However, it is now being rediscovered, talked about in high places and favorably considered by the open-minded public. No longer is one looked upon as being 'peculiar' when expressing the idea that we must have lived before, and that we shall likewise live again in another human form.

The names of other Church Fathers who also taught Metempsychosis were Pamphilus. Nemesius and Synesius, who was Bishop of Ptolomais (died about 411). The Catholic Encyclopedia describes him as a Neo-Platonist, which, according to other sources, he remained until his death. The Encyclopedia continues: "He was a younger son of an ancient family of Cyrene, which traced its descent from the Heracleidae, the mythical founders of the city. Synesius pursued his higher studies at Alexandria, where he became a devoted disciple of the famous Hypatia, to whom several of his letters are addressed and for whom he entertained a life-long devotion. She had been to him a mother, a sister and a teacher."

Let us consult the Catholic Encyclopedia concerning Hypatia:

"The Alexandrians were always riotous, as we learn from Socrates and from St. Cyril himself. In one of these riots, in 422, the prefect Callistus was killed, and in another was committed a murder of the female philosopher Hypatia, a highly respected teacher of Neo-Platonism, of advanced age, and (it is said) of many virtues ... A mob led by a lector, named Peter, dragged her to a church and tore her flesh with potsherds till she died. This brought great disgrace, says Socrates, on the Church of Alexandria and on its bishop ..."

Manly P. Hall in his article entitled: "The Ancient Mysteries and Secret Societies" says:

"Hypatia not only proved conclusively the pagan origin of the Christian Faith, but also exposed the purported miracles then advanced by the Christians as tokens of divine preference, by demonstrating the natural laws controlling the phenomena."

He then describes her brutal murder and continues: "Thus perished in [9] A.D. 445 the "greatest woman Initiate of the ancient world and with her fell also the Neo-Platonic School of Alexandria." Dark with ignorance of spiritual truth were the many centuries that followed.

Bear in mind also the destruction at about the same time of the Alexandrian Library, containing some 700,000 writings. According to Manly P. Hall: "The repository of knowledge was destroyed by a series of three fires. The parts that escaped the conflagration lighted by Caesar to destroy the fleet in the harbor, were destroyed about A. D. 389 by the Christians in obedience to the edict of Theodosius, who had ordered the destruction of the Serapeum, a building sacred to Serapis, in which the volumes were kept." (Serapis was called the God with the name of seven letters and was an important figure in the Egyptian Mysteries. His name also became associated with early Christianity through the Gnostics.)

It is indicated that many of the writings of this great Library were saved and removed to secret places probably in Egypt and India. If this is true, will they one day be restored to the world's knowledge at the appropriate time? We hardly need them to prove the point that there has always been one central source of knowledge and genuine Spiritual Teachers to disseminate that knowledge, as is so clearly described in H.P. Blavatsky's writings, The Secret Doctrine, Isis Unveiled, as well as her Collected Writings. All the major religions of the world have originated from such sources including Christianity, but the latter has sought, unsuccessfully however, to make itself exclusive, and has labeled ideas taught by some of its earlier exponents as pagan, according to the modern unpopular meaning ascribed to that word, namely: heretical and heathen.

But let us see what the Catholic Encyclopedia has to say about it. "Paganism in the broadest sense includes all religions other than the true one revealed by God, and, in a narrow sense, all, except Christianity, Judaism and Mohammedanism. It is derived from the Latin pagus, whence pagani (i.e., those who live in the country), a name given to the country folk who remained heathen after the cities had become Christian."

Another example of how words change their meanings is the word anathema. Originally it was the term applied to a form of worship in which the adherents held up objects on long poles around their churches, as offerings of devotion to their God. Subsequently, however, the warriors brought home the heads of their conquered enemies and held them up in the same manner but with hatred in their hearts. Hence, the custom called anathema became associated with something to be shunned or wiped out, as it is now used.

Another interesting point: is it not strange that up to the 5th and 6th centuries in the Greek Orthodox Church the nativity of Jesus was commemorated on the 6th of January - the year of his birth being unknown? At another time his birth was celebrated at the festival of the Spring Equinox, March 21-22. From the 5th century it became the custom to honor his birthday on December 25 - the [10] actual year still remaining entirely unknown.

According to Dr. de Purucker, it was Dionysius Exiguus, a Scythian monk, who lived under the Emperors Justin and Justinian, who first began to reckon Christian chronology. He did not know when the Master Jesus was born, but he made calculations according to the literary material he had examined. He tentatively set the date at about 600 years prior to his own time. Soon after, this hypothetical date became accepted as the year 1 of the Christian Era. The Esoteric records state, however, that Jesus lived about 100 years before the time set by Dionysius Exiguus.

What does the Catholic Encyclopedia say about its understanding of the "Mysteries"? First it admits that "sacred formulae were certainly imparted of magical value ...There is not much reason to think these mysteries had a directly moral influence on their adepts; but their popularity and impressiveness were enormous." We strongly doubt their evaluation of the "moral influence" since it is known by all students of true Occultism that the highest degree of integrity and ethical standards is demanded as a basic characteristic of the real Adept. It is for these reasons as well as for the high degree of their own inner illumination that they can be trusted, and their teachings relied upon, while those of others with less qualification are frequently questionable.

We are grateful to the editors of the Catholic Encyclopedia for some very interesting comments upon the nature of Theosophy, which are as follows: "The basic teaching of Theosophy is the Universal Brotherhood of Humanity. Hence springs the preaching of toleration to all persons and to all varieties of belief, e.g.. Buddhists, Christians and Atheists. It considers the different religions as methods adopted by man in the search for God. They are of necessity various, because men differ in temperment, type, needs and stages of evolution. Hence they are different and imperfect expressions of truth and as such it says: 'We cannot afford to lose any of the worlds religions, for each has its partial truth and its characteristic message which the perfect man must acquire.' Hence Theosophy appeals to men as the great peace maker, for it teaches that all religions mean one and the same thing, or rather that they are all branches of a single tree ... religion comes from Divine knowledge, i.e., Theosophy." However, we (to not agree with them when they try to show, that H.P. Blavatsky was a fraud, which neither they nor anyone else has ever proved.

It should be borne in mind that there are several words that have been used at different times relating to Reincarnation, such as: rebirth, pre-existence, metempsychosis (changing soul after soul), palingenesis (coming again into being), re-embodiment (applying to everything in the Universe from the smallest to the greatest entity or being), transmigration (applying to the life atoms of each of the soul's vehicles peregrinating in the kingdoms of their own kind after death), and metensomatosis (changing body after body). Plato laid great stress on the word "recollection," by which he was trying to show the importance of developing the faculty of [11] remembering what was locked up in the human soul, as experience gained in previous lives, in order to make our actions wiser in this life.

One will hardly find any of these words in the Christian Bible. But many references have been made to the "reincarnation" idea in various passages that have been dealt with in other writings on this subject. We should get away from the notion that if it is not found in the Bible, it isn't true. It is in the sum total of all the writings on the Ancient Wisdom by competent teachers that we should look for truth; which includes many portions of the Bible, when esoterically understood.

What were some of the teachings of Origen in paraphrased form that were anathematized? As set forth in The Esoteric Tradition, pages 42 and 43, they were:

1. "The pre-existence of the soul before its present earth life; and its ultimate restoration to its original spiritual nature and condition ...

3. "That the Sun, the Moon, the Stars and the other heavenly bodies, are the visible encasements of spirits now more or less degenerated from their former high condition and state.

4. "That man now has a material or physical body as a retributive or punitive result of wrong-doing, following upon the soul's sinking into matter.

5. "That even as these spiritual beings formerly fell into matter, so may and will they ultimately rise again to their former spiritual status ...

14. "All intelligent beings wheresoever they be, ultimately will merge into the Divine Unity, and material existence will then vanish.

15. "That the future life of all spiritual beings will be similar to their original existence; and hence the end of all things will be similar to the original state or condition of all things."

Let us return now to the Catholic Encyclopedia where we find this curious statement:

"Were Origen and Origenism anathematized? Many learned writers believe so; an equal number deny that they were condemned; most modern authorities are either undecided or reply with reservations. Relying on the most recent studies it may he held that ... the bishops certainly subscribed to the fifteen anathemas proposed by the Emperor ... but there is no proof that the approbation of the Pope, who was at that time (553) protesting against the convocation of the Council, was asked."

It is very strange that the Encyclopedia Editors saw fit to interject this element of doubt into the picture, when it is perfectly clear that none of Origen's teachings are any part of the Church doctrine taught today, as far as we know.

Is it possible they might have thought that they may some day go back to some of Origen's teachings and include them in the Church doctrine? Every now and again one hears of a liberal attitude shown by some priests, when questioned by a church member as to the truth of the Reincarnation idea. In a recent pamphlet (1958) called The Case for Reincarnation, by the Rev. Leslie D. Weatherhead, President of the City Temple Literary Society, London, "one of the great preachers and pastoral healers of our time," according to Mary C. Peto, who published [12] the work, appears an interesting footnote on this point: "The Rev. G. Nevin Drinkwater, a Liberal Catholic Priest, writing in The Liberal Catholic, says that reincarnation has never been declared heretical by an Ecumenical Council. He writes, 'What actually happened, according to Robertson and Hefele, was that a local synod condemned Origen's teachings on preexistence at Constantinople in 543, and this was not, of course, binding on the Universal Church ... There are cases today of people in the Roman Church accepting reincarnation without being declared heretical'."

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PEACE
Henriette de Hoog

What a variety of pictures and visions we call up before our mind's eye when hearing that word!

A world without strife; a balmy spring-day among the fragrant pines; a garden of roses at the shores of a blue lake; a sheltered bay, the ocean's waves softly breaking on the shore; everyone understanding everyone else!

Yet, we know full-well that the world around us represents a field of struggle; that winter-storms bring misery and devastation to many places; that even the loveliest rose-bush is covered with poisoned arrows of thorns; that outside the sheltered bay rage the seasonal winds bringing shipwreck to hardy or reckless mariners; and that humanity as a whole wishes rather to be understood than to try to do the understanding!

Is there then no peace to be found on this earth? As is said in The Light of Asia (Book viii):

"Within yourselves deliverance must be sought; ...
Higher than Indra's ye may lift your lot,
And sink it lower than the worm or gnat; ...
Ye suffer from yourselves ..."

We see the outward seeming, and judge it by our own petty fears and dark forebodings. We know the lion in the jungle feeds on the antelope, and think that therefore the antelope lives in eternal fear, finding no peace, ever aware of the lurking danger. Not so! When the lion has been nourished, there is no danger, the antelope feeds within leaping distance of the lion and is not aware of his presence; its life is full of peace. But, let hunger stir the lion, and the "message" vibrates throughout the area; it is the warning signal and all become aware that it is time to take care of "survival." After the lion's need has been fulfilled, peace descends again upon the land.

We, too, have within our being that faculty to know, but we are so beset with imaginary dreads that we have dulled our senses, fleeing from shadows into the very path of destruction. To understand the Laws of Nature:

"Help Nature and work on with her; and Nature will regard thee as one of [13] her creators and stake obeisance." (The Voice of the Silence, p. 14.)

When we attempt to climb a steep and forbidding mountain, we do not quake with fear at every possible danger lurking in unseen places. We know the difficulties of the project, and we, likewise, know the dangers that we have to face. But ... we are prepared for it, and we look forward to the testing of our skill and courage. Why, then, can we not look at LIFE in like manner?

One of the reasons is that we look to an outside power to watch over us and to guide us and to ward off the dangers that surround us. The mountain-climber does not expect anyone but himself to take care of the dangers that face him. Ah! He has fellow-climbers and companions! Have we not, every single one of us, companions? The whole world is covered with human beings who are questioning and searching, often each in his own corner, unaware of even his neighbors. In a seat next to ours, in a public vehicle of transportation, may sit a fellow human being in the last stages of despair, contemplating an end to it all ... and we know it not.

Through the ages we have dulled our perceptions by thinking of self alone, not realizing that all Humanity is SELF! The heresy of separateness has made us blind, deaf and dumb. Of course we are individuals! We have to learn to stand ALONE! This does not mean that we must shut out every other living being! It must not mean that we are not to reach a helping hand to those who falter or stumble, that together we may go on, each standing on his own feet, but aware of all around us and sensitive to the call of help when it is needed.

The sharp boulders on the Path; the roaring stream to he crossed; the avalanches to be faced; these do not disturb the Peace of our Heart; for we know that all this will strengthen our mind and heart with courage to reach the Life-giving Light!

The Ocean of Life is moved by the great Winds of the Opposites, the subterranean convulsions that mean the destruction and building of Continents of Experience, the Storms of Ignorance. But the Wise Helmsman has no fear for he has chartered his course, has learned Discrimination between the Opposites; is prepared for the convulsions, and grasps the rudder more strongly to guide his bark through the mountainous waves; and knowing the direction of the Storms, is able to hold his course.

He is "Master of his fate, Captain of his Soul" and in the midst of strife and apparent Chaos, is at PEACE.

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I WOULD LIKE TO ASK ...

With reference to the saying, As above, so below: are we, human beings, inhabitants of the body of a celestial being, even as the life-atoms of our bodies inhabit us as their Universe?

The answer would depend at least to some extent upon what is actually meant by "human beings." Is this expression used in the sense of human physical bodies, or in the larger sense of the totality of our complex outer and inner constitution? As far as [14] human bodies are concerned, they are of course an integral part of the physical globe upon which we live. This globe is the physical counterpart of a Planetary Being or Entity, whose embodiment is that globe. In regard to the inner principles of us, human beings, it should be borne in mind that they are not limited to the boundaries of this terrestrial globe alone. Some of them are intimately related to the inter or spiritual structure of this globe, and others to the spiritual structure of the whole solar system. This subject is far more complex and difficult to explain than would appear at first sight. It involves some of the most recondite teachings of the Esoteric Philosophy. The idea of analogy is a wonderful key, but there are also false analogies which can easily mislead the student.

If we were to consider the whole of the solar system, with all its many planets and planetoids, including many substances and forces not visible to physical eyes, as the astral-physical portion or embodiment of the Solar Being or Logos - the Solar Hierarch - it might be correctly stated that human beings are of course inhabitants of that Cosmic Body, provided the analogy is not materialized too much. The myriads of atomic entities living and evolving within our own physical structure may well be compared analogically to the many kingdoms of life, or living entities, inhabiting the physical counterpart of this Solar Being. But we should never forget that the inner element-principles, of both the atomic entities and the human entities, and of all the other kingdoms of life, are intimately related to the higher element-principles of that Solar Being also, and to the corresponding substances and forces of the Planetary Beings who are the Rulers of the various Planets, including our own.

We must also bear in mind the fact that the inner heart of every atomic entity is divine in essence; its core of core is a god-like being; so is the core of every other evolving entity throughout the Universe. In its heart of hearts, therefore, every evolving entity is not only identical with the Solar Logos, but immeasurably transcends it, as it is one with the Infinite. Wheels within wheels truly.

If we limit our consideration for the moment to the more or less outer encasement or structure of evolving entities, it would be quite correct to say that the atomic entities within our own physical and astral structures bear approximately the same relation to that structure as we ourselves do to the vaster astral-physical world of which we are a part, and which is the embodiment of the Solar Being. The smaller lives peregrinate through our constitution, as we peregrinate through the constitution of the Solar Entity. But while this is generally true, we should be most careful not to read into this statement any limitations of spiritual Status: because it is quite possible that entities inhabiting some of the atomic structures on this physical plane of ours may be farther advanced spiritually than are human beings as a whole. Physical size has no relation to spiritual status.

Can you tell us something of the Sun and its spiritual effect on the Earth?

"This question bas been partially answered in the preceding paragraphs. [16] In addition to this, however, it might be said that the Sun is the source of all the life-forces, on various planes, which vitalize the whole system over which it rules. This has both its physical and its spiritual application. The influence of the Sun on all planes of substance and consciousness extends over the entire dominion of the solar system, and everything that lives and evolves in that system is permeated at all times with the energies emanating from the solar orb. It might be truly said that the entire solar system, as we know it, evolves within the encompassing aura of the Sun, and it is this fact that was meant by the ancient esotericists of India when they spoke of the Egg of Brahma in referring to the dominion of the Sun - the solar system, as we would say now. Naturally, a great deal more was meant by this expression than merely the physical portion of the system which our modern astronomers are cognizant of.

It is extremely interesting to notice how present-day scientists are rapidly approaching the confines of the occult teachings. In a recent issue of Life magazine, the opening sentence of an article on "The Sun's Awesome Impact" states:

"A startling concept of the relationship between earth and sun, so revolutionary as to be almost unbelievable, stands today virtually confirmed by science: that the sun reaches across 93 million miles of space and actually encompasses this planet. During the International Geophysical Year, the sun - for the first time ever - was put under continual observation by scientists. Their findings indicate that the outermost 'atmosphere' of the sun extends so far that it envelops the earth."

This is plain language indeed. A few more years of research and of favorable speculations, and modern science will have proven one of the basic teachings of the Esoteric Philosophy, namely, that the sun fills, in more ways than one, the entire sphere or realm over which it exercises its effects or extends its influence.

The spiritual effect of the sun has to do with the constant and never-ending circulations of forces throughout the solar system. There is a never-ceasing flow of energies between the sun and the planets, and between the planets themselves; and this flow or current exists, of course, far more on the inner planes of the system than on the outer. Eventually, all the entities evolving within that system are touched and re-vitalized by the flow or currents of solar energies; and it should be borne in mind that these currents are not mere abstractions, but are actual passages of both living beings and energies from one portion of the system to another, and from the sun to every outlying part of its vast dominion. The analogy one should keep in mind in this connection is with regard to the heart and the vascular circulation within the organic structure of man's physical body, although it implies a great deal more.

The spiritual effect of the sun upon the planets has also a great deal to do with the highly spiritual character of its Hierarchies of Beings - Solar Logoi, we might call them - who or which are the origin and source of all the minor Planetary Hierarchies, and the spiritual forces at play on the various planets and globes.

The Sun is both the heart and the [16] brain of its system, as fully shown in many portions of H.P.B.'s Secret Doctrine. From it arise the pulsating energies which fill the system full with their life-bearing force, either directly or though other intermediary channels.

That which we see, or think we see, as the Sun, is in reality but a powerful auric emanation from the real Sun, which is on higher planes altogether, being a far more evolved entity than any of the planets within its system.

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PROMOTION FUND

We wish to thank our many readers and friends for remembering the needs of our Promotion Fund. It is a rather vital department of this magazine. We carry no advertizing, and the subscription money is insufficient to meet the

costs of production. Hence we must rely, at least to some extent, on contributions to our Promotion Fund. Every penny sent in to this Fund goes directly to pay for printing, envelopes, and postage. All the work connected with the mailing of the magazine is carried on by volunteer workers. We trust that our friends will keep us in mind in 1961, and help us occasionally, as their circumstances permit. - Editor, Theosophia.

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THE DURBAR IN LAHORE

We wish to remind our readers that this story from the pen of H.P. Blavatsky, now for the first time translated from the original Russian text, is currently being published in the pages of The Theosophist; the official organ of The Theosophical Society, Adyar. The first installment appeared in the August, 1960 issue of that magazine. Subscriptions to the latter may be placed directly with The Theosophical Press, P.O. Box 270, Wheaton, Ill. Back issues of The Theosophist are not easily obtainable, and therefore anyone interested in securing the full text of this interesting story should act promptly, lest the issues become out of print. Naturally The Dubar in Lahore will eventually become part of the Collected Writings of H.P.B., together with the other Russian stories she wrote, but these will not be published for several years.