THEOSOPHIA
A Living Philosophy For Humanity

Volume III
No. 3 (15) - September-October 1946

[Cover Photo.]

Oh, Sun, who dost possess the Truth, and livest and quickenest through the Truth! - Oh Sun, adored and loved in Truth! - Oh, Sun, Perfected and fulfilled by Truth! - Oh, Sun, glorified in Truth! - Oh, Sun, from the beginning one with Truth! ... - Invocation to the Sun, from the tomb of Rekhmara, Egypt.

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THEOSOPHIA
A LIVING PHILOSOPHY FOR HUMANITY
Published every Two Months. Sponsored by an International Group of Theosophists (Theosophical Society, Int'l Hdqrts., Covina, California).
Objectives: To disseminate the teachings of the Ancient Wisdom. To uphold and promote the Original Principles of the modern Theosophical Movement. To challenge bigotry and superstition in every form.
EDITOR: Boris de Zirkoff.
CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: Irene Ponsonby, Dr. Sven Eek, J. Emory Clapp, Maj. Hubert S. Turner.
ADVISORY BOARD: Hon. Frank G. Finlayson, Jan H. Venema, Hendrik Oosterink, Richard H. Cutting, T. Marriott.
BUSINESS MANAGER: Norine G. Chadil.
Subscription: $1.00 a year (six issues): singe copy 20 cents. Send all subscriptions, renewals and correspondence to: Room 240 Western Bldg., 553 South Western Avenue, Los Angeles 5, California. Make checks payable to "Theosophia." The Theosophical Society as such, is not responsible for any ideas expressed in this magazine, unless contained in an official document. The Editors are responsible for unsigned articles only.

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A THOUGHT TO REMEMBER ...

Men need ... above all, believe in themselves, in this, that what is cognized by them in the depth of their hearts, what begs for recognition and finds no expression only because it contradicts public opinion, is that force which changes the world, and the manifestation of which forms man's destiny;

... If men only said what they believe, and did not say what they do not believe, there would immediately disappear the superstitions that result from patriotism, and all the evil feelings and all the violence, which are based off them ... Let the governments have possession of the school, the church, the press, billions of rubles, and millions of disciplined men turned into machines, - all that apparently terrible organization of rude force is nothing in comparison with the recognition of the truth, which arises in the heart of one man who knows the force of the truth, and is communicated by this man to another, a third man, just as an endless number of candles are lighted from one. This light need only burn, and, like the wax before the face of the fire, all this seemingly so powerful organization will waste away.

If men only understood that terrible power which is given them in the word which expresses the truth. If men only did not sell their birthright for a mess of pottage. If men only made use of this power of theirs, - the rulers would not only not dare, as they dare now, to threaten men with universal slaughter, to which they will drive men or not, as they may see fit, but would not even dare in tire sight of peaceable citizens to bring the disciplined murderers out on parade or in maneuvers ...

If men only knew in what their mighty, all-conquering force consists, the peace for which men have always wished, not the one which is obtained by means of diplomatic treaties ... dinners, speeches, fortresses, cannon, dynamite, and melenite, but the one which is obtained not by the exhaustion of the masses by taxes, not by tearing the flower of the population away from work and debauching them, but by the free profession of the truth by every separate individual, would long ago have come to us. - Count Leo N. Tolstoy, Christianity and Patriotism, 1894. [3]

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THE ATOMIC BOMB AND YOU
Boris de Zirkoff

You have a stake in the Atomic Age. Are you aware of it?

The bombs that pulverized Hiroshima and Nagasaki did vastly more than kill, mangle and torture a population of unprotected men and women. They also ripped to shreds the last fragments of the torn veil which hid the world of the future from the world of the present ... that present which is fast becoming but a memory of the past.

And every time an atomic bomb explodes somewhere, and you hear its thunderous repercussions, you are hearing the knell of a dying era, sounded by the Karmic Recorders ... echoing down the winding corridors of time.

To your civilization and mine - the American civilization - belongs the dubious distinction of having used for purposes of ghastly destruction, and with planned deliberation, the most destructive weapon ever conceived by man, on a scale never before attempted.

This civilization is You and I. It is not only the other fellow ... It is not just the Government of a country. It is not just a military clique, or an international commitment, or a munition plant, or something else. It is You and I.

You and I have allowed this thing to take place. You and I have permitted this prostitution of Science. You and I have stood by watching with callous indifference, saying little if anything, cowed by fears of persecution or loss of position and prestige. We have read the gory headlines, enjoyed the newsreel, perhaps taken part in the Victory celebration. What Victory? Why, of course the Victory of this "Christian" civilization over the "spirit of paganism," as we have been told by the oracles of the press and the radio.

We stand by and we watch even today.

Goldbraids amuse themselves at Bikini, shooting battleships sky-high with the help of atoms, while millions of little children, helpless, homeless and deserted, die of starvation in the four corners of the globe.

Hundreds of millions of dollars - your tax dollars and mine - go up in smoke and deadly radiation, while, in this land of ours alone - the land of the free and the home of the brave - two million children of the rural communities - maybe yours and mine - are defrauded of their right to decent education in thousands of one-room school houses, without utilities, adequate light, books, or teaching staff.

What does the Atomic Bomb mean to you?

Have you appraised it in terms of potential destruction to some mythical enemy, conjured before your mind by a perverted press, or in terms of those undreamt of benefits which would accrue to mankind from the peaceful use of nuclear energy?

With the irreversible finality of an atomic reaction the curtain falls upon the historic stage wherein was enacted a civilization of international plunder. The death rattle of an era is heard everywhere. No last moment injection can prolong the agony. The pall-bearers will be many. The burial will be sumptuous, even if gruesome.

But lo, out of the abysmal depths into which the world of a bygone generation is being engulfed, there is rising now a new Continent of Thought.

Have you caught its virile lineaments upon the horizon?

Do you intend to become a citizen of it?

You do? Then you will have to do a great deal more thinking than is comfortable to most men. Yours will have to be original thinking - not popular slogans repeated ad nauseam, or easy platitudes. Yours will be the task of a pioneer, the goal [4] of an inspired leader, the sweat of indefatigable toil. Yours will also be the inevitable sadness of all forerunners and harbingers of light.

The Atomic Age is not an exploding bomb. Nor is it the Manhattan Project. T he Atomic Age is a state of consciousness. It is a chain reaction of the human mind, revealing endless depths of human potentialities, uncovering secret potencies of triumphant living, loosening bonds of greed, selfishness, and lust, so that men may be set free upon the airways of spirit, and soar like eagles towards the Sun.

Pause a moment and reflect.

In the opening era of Atomic Power, war, as we have known it, will be dead. It has already lost its meaning. While some still think of it in a casual sort of way, their depraved thinking is out of step with the rush of events. No conflict can be interpreted any longer in terms of men contending in battle. It can be interpreted only in terms of a few collective holocausts and the probable cessation of civilization, as we know it. But this will not come to pass, even if the dangers of the present situation are perilous indeed and immediate.

No one recognizes these dangers more keenly than some of our leading scientists. In this, Theosophists are their allies. Witness tile recent appeal of Albert Einstein:

ZC4 NL PD
PRINCETON NEW JERSEY
1946, MAY 23, AM: 2 54.

OUR WORLD FACES CRISIS AS YET UNPERCEIVED BY THOSE POSSESSING POWER TO MAKE GREAT DECISIONS FOR GOOD AND EVIL. UNLEASHED POWER OF THE ATOM HAS CHANGED EVERYTHING SAVE OUR MODES OF THINKING AND WE THUS DRIFT TOWARD UNPARALLELED CATASTROPHE. WE SCIENTIST WHO RELEASED THIS IMMENSE POWER HAVE OVERWHELMING RESPONSIBILITY IN THIS WORLD. LIFE AND DEATH STRUGGLE TO HARNESS ATOM FOR BENEFIT OF MANKIND AND NOT FOR HUMANITY'S DESTRUCTION. BETHE CONDON SZILARD UREY AND FEDERATION OF AMERICAN SCIENTISTS JOIN ME IN THIS APPEAL AND BEG YOU TO SUPPORT OUR EFFORTS TO BRING REALIZATION TO AMERICA THAT MANKIND'S DESTINY IS BEING DECIDED TODAY - NOW - THIS MOMENT. WE NEED TWO HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLLARS AT ONCE FOR NATIONWIDE CAMPAIGN TO LET THE PEOPLE KNOW THAT NEW TYPE OF THINKING ESSENTIAL IF MANKIND IS TO SURVIVE AND MOVE TOWARDS HIGHER LEVELS ... WE ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS FATEFUL MOMENT AS SIGN THAT WE SCIENTISTS DO NOT STAND ALONE.

ALBERT EINSTEIN
CHAIRMAN, EMERGENCY COMMITTEE OF ATOMIC SCIENTISTS,
90 NASSAU STREET, PRINCETON, NEW JERSEY.

No other road can now be trodden but the road of peaceful mutuality with all men, if the fruits of man's noblest endeavors are to survive. And they will survive. Mutuality means understanding. Understanding means knowledge - knowledge of each other, and the ability to see things in their proper perspective, and their harmonious relation to each other.

And our perspective is hopelessly distorted by the appalling remnants of a dying era of frustration and waste.

That harmonious perspective must be restored. There is no doubt about it.

The proximity of all men to each other in this age of flight imperiously demands it. The supreme worth of the human individual must be recognized and upheld. The glaring anachronisms must be eliminated.

We house some of our cattle in well-built, sanitary, ventilated, steam-heated barns (or are they barns?), and let thousands of human beings vegetate in filthy slums.

We spend millions on horses, "improving the breed," and let our children run loose and become delinquents and perverts before they become adults.

We tear each other's throats in a mad contest for higher wages and higher "standards of living," while other millions slave at twenty cents a day in the penal settlements we call our colonial empires.

We vote on bonds for new museums and wider beaches, and calmly watch [5] thousands of honest people flounder about without shelter.

We erect great institutions where the mysteries of physics and chemistry are taught, and then level these and other institutions with the very explosives which we learned therein how to utilize.

We build new colleges and sumptuous libraries in one part of the world, and endow them with millions (sometimes defrauded from honest and underpaid labor!), but we keep for three hundred and fifty years the seventy-two million Indonesians to their normal 92% of illiteracy.

"But this, you see, is Karma," we will be told. "The Karma of the human race is very heavy."

That's news! We had almost thought it was negligible!

Since when has the idea of Karma - of cause and effect and moral responsibility - been opposed to progress, opposed to improvement, to growth, to enlightenment and opportunity? That it has been used to cover up our individual and collective ineptitude, our laziness, our callousness and indifference, is a fact that few could possibly deny. That it will continue to be used as an excuse for inertia, is no startling prophecy - simply the recognition of our hopeless shallowness and our entrenched complacency.

One thing can be said with absolute surety. In the Atomic Age Karma will continue to operate. It will not be radiated out of existence and office by uranium fission.

Let us beware, however, lest our indifference and belated awakening engender more unfavorable Karma to add its deadly weight to previous installments. "Inaction in a deed of mercy becomes an action in a deadly sin," as pointed out by H.P. Blavatsky (inveterate "karmists," please note!). -

"A new type of thinking essential." ... Einstein is right!

The Atomic Age will provide it. The rising generation free from traditional inhibitions, will inject it into this decadent culture.

In the Atomic Age just dawning arrogant militarism and its hand-maiden, economic exploitation, will be outlawed.

The children of the world - the promise of the future - will become the primary concern of every civilized State.

The underpaid labor will have become but an evil memory of the age of conquest, when the luxuries of the few gave the keynote and the reason for the existence of the many.

Political expediency will be supplanted by the cultural and ethical needs of the people.

Cunningly bred hatreds, fed by competing financial interests, will be replaced by mutual solidarity, and artificial scarcity in a world of abundance will be a nightmare of the past.

Leisure will be equally prized with toil, and will become the source of creativeness and peace.

But before these inevitable consequences can become daily actualities, men and women of the vast world will have to unite from continent to continent, determined to redeem the achievements of Science and to snatch them from the hands of those whose nefarious minds are dedicated to the pursuit of power and the enslavement of mankind.

"Nationalism and the split atom cannot exist together on the same planet," warned Mr. William Fowler, research director on rocket and atomic bomb projects during the war, speaking on July 10, 1946, at the Whittier Institute of International Relations. "I am not a pacifist, but a survivalist." As a solution, he urged the formation of a world government, which, he said, we mast accept even if it meant a decrease in our standard of living. "The United Nations is only a step toward an [6] ultimate goal - a sovereign government of the United Nations of the world, a world government with executive, legislative and judicial branches."

Dr. Robert Pettengill, economics professor at the University of Southern California, speaking at the same Institute, urged that people everywhere examine their present scale of values in the light of the atomic age. "Hitherto," he said, "the primary values of most people have been guided by (1) primary obedience to the national state and (2) the preservation or attempt to preserve national independence. Unless individuals everywhere give their primary obedience to God and discipline their personal lives to use love to stamp out hate both within and between nations, our civilization is headed for destruction."

Taking part in the same discussion, Norman Whitney, staff member of the American Friends Service Committee, reported that after the first atomic explosion at Los Alamos, a group of atomic scientists begged the army leaders and the President not to use the bomb on a populated place. "Despite these warnings," he said, "two bombs were dropped on two Japanese cities, one at Nagasaki, which was the Christian center of that country. We have lost the moral leadership in the world, and there is only one way to gain it back."

This must be done by YOU and ME. The efforts of others are not enough. You and I must be in on it. Do I make myself clear?

Your pen, your word of mouth, your thought, your action, your effort - all count. They must be exercised, asserted, expressed, at every opportunity that comes along, dynamically so, backed by conviction, determination, and factual knowledge of the issues at stake.

Wishful thinking will be of no avail. Abstruse metaphysics will get you exactly nowhere. But practical Yoga will. The Yoga of self-mastery, the Yoga of thought-control, of one-pointedness towards a noble objective - the ultimate solidarity of the Human Race.

YOU have a stake in the Atomic Age.

There is at the core of you a nuclear system more powerful than any yet discovered by Science.

Start your own chain reaction of thought!

Loosen the bonds of inertia and penetrate with your own spiritual radiation the heavy clouds still drifting over the face of the life-giving Sun.

The future is in Your hands and Mine. It is wrapped in the very atoms of our bodies, in the vibratory potencies of our thought. It is gestating in the womb of our consciousness, waiting to be born.

What sort of World do you wish. to live in?

One World ... or None!

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"... absurd are the simultaneous admissions of the non-divisibility and elasticity of the atom. The atom is elastic, ergo, the atom is divisible, and must consist of particles, or of sub-atoms. And these sub-atoms? They are either non-elastic, and in such case they represent no dynamic importance, or, they are elastic also; and in that case, they, too, are subject to divisibility. And thus ad infinitum. But infinite divisibility of atoms resolves matter into simple centres of force, i.e., precludes the possibility of conceiving matter as an objective substance ...

Accept the explanations and teachings of Occultism, and, the blind inertia of physical Science being replaced by the intelligent active Powers behind the veil of matter, motion and inertia become subservient to those Powers. It is on the doctrine of the illusive nature of matter, and the infinite divisibility of the atom, that the whole science of Occultism is built. It opens limitless horizons to substance informed by the divine breath of its soul in every possible state of tenuity, states still undreamt of by the most spiritually disposed chemists and physicists." - H.P. Blavatsky, The Secret Doctrine, I., pp. 519-20, written in 1888. [7]

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THE THEOSOPHICAL SOCIETY AND ITS AIMS
Henry Steel Olcott
(Col. Henry S. Olcott was, with H.P. Blavatsky and William Q. Judge, one of the three chief Founders of the modern Theosophical Society, organized at New York in 1875. Early in 1879, Madam Blavatsky and Col. Olcott went to India. The above extracts are from a memorable lecture delivered by H.S. Olcott at the Framji Cowasji Hall, Bombay, on March 23rd, 1879. Reprinted front The Theosophist, August, 1932.)

When a new Society asks a hearing of the world it is sure to be challenged. The public has that vested right, and none but fools will object to its exercise ... Men nowadays take nothing on faith, the era of enquiry and proof has come.

The Theosophical Society expects no exemption from the rule; has asked none; and my presence before this great audience, so soon after the arrival in India of our Committee, shows our readiness to give a reason for its existence. We believe it was a necessary outgrowth of the century. I hope to show you that the hour demanded its coming and that it was not born before its appointed time ...

When our Society was organized ... the very first section of the by-laws adopted ... affirmed that the object of the Society was to obtain knowledge of all the laws of nature. This covers the whole range of natural phenomena, and everything that concerns mankind and his environments ... The Society ... is no propaganda, formed to disseminate fixed dogmas; therefore, as a Society, it has no creed to offer for the world's acceptance. It recognizes the great philosophical principle that while there is but one Absolute Truth, the differences among men only mark their respective apprehensions of that truth. It is not for me to say to you what this Absolute Truth is. If I were capable of doing so, then, for the first time since the world began, there would have appeared an infallible omniscient human mind upon earth ...

We do believe in the immortality of the human soul, the "we" meaning all the representative Theosophists whose minds have opened to me. In truth, there is not much elbow-room in our Society for those who persistently deny this assumption, for what advantage is there in studying all these primitive, sublime utterances of the Vedas, the Zend Avesta, the Tripitaka, about the soul and a future life, if a man is incapable of realizing the idea of a spiritual self at all? Let such an one take his balance and weigh and count over, and christen the motes of nature's dust-heap; and get ribbons for catching a new bug; and titles for impaling a new beetle. He will be happy in the thought that his name, though Latinised or Hellenised past recognition, will be transmitted to posterity in connection with the solar refrangibility of the cucumber, or some other discovery of equally momentous importance.

The study of occult science has a twofold value. First, that of teaching us that there is a world of Force within this visible world of Phenomena; and, second, in stimulating the student to acquire, by self-discipline and education, a knowledge of his soul-powers and the ability to employ them. How appropriate is the term "occult science," when applied to the careful observation of the phenomena of force, is apparent when we read the confessions of scientific leaders as to the limitations of their positive knowledge ... You cannot open a book on chemistry, physiology, or hygiene, without stumbling upon admissions that there are fathomless abysses in all modern science ... Who, then, can tell us of the inner man? Who guards the keys of the secret chamber, and where do they hang? What dragons lie in the path? America cannot tell us, Europe cannot - for we have questioned both. But in the Western libraries we found old books which tell that in the olden times there was a class of men, who had discovered these secrets, had interrogated nature behind her veil. These men lived in the lands now called [8] Tibet, India, Persia, Chaldea, Egypt, and Greece. We find traces of them even in the sacred literature of Mexico and Peru. And we have been told that this sacred science is not extinct, but still survives, and is practiced by men who carefully guard their knowledge from profane hands ...

To what highest good do we aspire? What is the highest good, but to know something of man and his powers, to discover the best means to benefit humanity - physically, morally, spiritually? To this we aspire ... As to our ideas of the next world, the aid of metaphysics would have to be invoked to answer the question. Suffice it that we do not fancy the other world to be gross like this ... most men are apt to brutalize the next world in trying to construct a tangible idea for the mind to rest upon ... Is it not enough to conceive of a future state of existence corresponding with the new necessities of the soul that has passed through and out of the cycle of matter and become a subjective entity? Can we not realise a life apart from the use of pots and ladles, easy chairs and mosquito curtains? When the Jivanmukta, or soul emancipated, while living in this world, loses all sense of relationship to it and its grossness. How much more perfect the contrast, then, between our narrow physical life and the Bhavitatman, or soul universalized - the soul having sympathies with the Universal Good, True, Just, and being absorbed in Universal love ...

... How can one be helped to acquire the mastery over his baser nature? Mighty problem - how change the brute into the angel? Why ask for the obvious answer to so simple a question? Does my friend imagine there is more than one way in which it can be done? Can any other but one's own self effect this purification, this splendid conquest, in comparison with whose glory all the greatest victories of war sink into contemptible insignificance? There must be, first, the belief that this conquest is possible; then, knowledge of the method; then, practice. Men only passively animal become brutal from ignorance of the consequences of the first downward step. So, too, they fail to become god-like, because of their ignorance of the potentiality of effort. Certainly one can never improve himself who is satisfied with his present circumstances. The reformer is of necessity a discontented man - discontented with what pleases common souls; striving after something better. Self-reform exacts the same temperament. A man who thinks well of his vices, his prejudices, superstitions, his habits, his physical, mental, moral state, is in no mood to begin to climb the high ladder that reaches from the world of his littleness to a broader one. He had better roll over in his mire, and dismiss Theosophy with a grunt of impatience.

Great results are achieved by achieving little ones in turn; great armies may be beaten in detail by an inferior force; constant dripping of little water-drops wears away the hardest rock. You and I are so many aggregations of good and bad qualities. If we wish to better our characters, increase our capabilities, strengthen our will-power, we must begin with small things and pass to greater ones. Do you want to control the hidden forces of Nature, and rule in her domain as a king-consort? Then begin with the first pettiness, the smallest flaw you can find in yourself, and remove that. It may be a mean vanity, a jealousy of some one's success, a strong predilection, or a strong antipathy for some one thing, person, caste, or a supercilious self sufficiency that prevents you forming a fair judgment of other men's countries, food, dress, customs, or ideas; or an inordinate fondness for something you eat, drink, or amuse yourself with. It matters not; if it is a blemish, if it stands in the way of your perfect and absolute enfranchisement from the rule of this sensuous world, "pluck it out and cast it from thee." This done, you may pass on. [9]

... If India is to be regenerated, it must he by Hindus, who can rise above their castes and every other reactionary influence; and give good example as well as good advice. Useless to gather into Samajas, and talk prettily of reform, and print translations and commentaries, if the Samajists are to relapse into customs they abhor in their hearts, and observe ceremonies that to them are but superstition, and throw all their enlightenment to the dogs. Useless for Native gentlemen to sit at the tables of Europeans, in apparent cordial equality, if they have not the moral courage to break bread with them in their own houses. Not of such stuff are the saviors of Nations made.

... We have chosen this land for our home, and feel a desire to help it and its people in any way practicable, however humble, without meddling ourselves with its politics, in which, as American citizens, we have ... neither the right nor inclination to intrude ourselves.

... The Indian Press has spoken of it as a very strange thing that Western people should have come here to learn instead of to teach, as though there were nothing in India worth the learning ... It makes me realize how completely modern India ignores the achievements of ancient Aryavarta. It shows how complete is the eclipse of Aryan wisdom when people from the other side of the globe could know more of the essence of Vedic philosophy than the direct descendants of the Rishis themselves ... Here is material for a new school of Aryan philosophy which only waits the molding hand of a master. We cannot yet hear his approaching footsteps, but he will come, as the man always does come when the hour of destiny strikes. He will come, not as a disturber of the peace, but as the expounder of principles, the instructor in philosophy. He will encourage study, not inflame passion, he will scatter blessing, not sorrow ... Oh for a Hindu great enough in soul, wise enough in mind, sublime enough in courage, to prepare the way for the coming of this needed Regenerator! Oh for one Indian of so grand a mold that his appeals to his country-men would fire every heart with a noble emulation to revive the glories of that bygone time, when India poured out her people into the empty lap of the West, and gave the arts and sciences, and even language itself, to the outside world! ... Ah, young men of promise ... be Indian first, and caste-men afterwards if you will. Is there not one of you to send the electric spark through this inert mass and make it quiver with emotion? Here lies a mighty Nation like a giant benumbed with sloth, and no one to arouse its potential energies ... The fault does not lie with the masses ... It lies at the door of the educated class ... You have run through the curricula of science and literature, and made no practical application of your acquired knowledge. The sentries of this sleeping Nation neglect their duty.

But as the unrestful ocean has its flux and reflux, so all throughout nature the law of periodicity asserts itself. Nations come and go, slumber and re-awaken. Inactivity is of necessity limited. The soul of Aryavarta keeps vigil within the dormant body. Again will her splendour shine. Her prosperity will be restored. Her primitive philosophy will once more be interpreted, and it will teach holy religion and science to all eager world. Her ancient literature, though now hidden away from the quest of an unsympathetic West, is not buried beyond revival. The Hoof of Time, which has stamped into dust the vestiges of many a Nation, has not obliterated those treasures of human thought and human inspiration. The youth of India will shake off their sloth, and be worthy of their sires. From every ruined temple, from every sculptured corridor cut in the heart of the mountains, from every secret Vihara where the custodians of the sacred Science keep alive the torch of primitive wisdom, comes a whispering voice, saying: "Children, your Mother is not dead, but only sleepeth." [10]

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THE HIERARCHICAL GOVERNMENT OF THE THEOSOPHICAL SOCIETY
J. Emory Clapp

Those who were members of the Theosophical Society (Point Loma) during the early days of G. de Purucker's administration will doubtless recall that when he first elaborated on "Hierarchies" as one of the Seven Jewels of Wisdom, students generally found much difficulty in understanding the subject; and it is quite evident that even today our members experience the same difficulty. The reason for this seems to be that most of our members are not deep students and find it hard to get the spiritual point of view, as ordinary life is devoted almost wholly to things of a material nature; whereas Theosophical teachings or doctrines require an understanding of both spirit and matter, for neither one of these can exist without the other, simply because they are not two separate things but merely opposite poles of one and the same thing.

It is not the province of this article to enter into an explanation of the doctrine of Hierarchies as the works of G. de P. have taken up that subject most fully, especially Fundamentals of the Esoteric Philosophy and, in more condensed form, his Occult Glossary. When we take up the matter of the hierarchical system of government, we need only refer to Messages To Conventions, and more particularly the address to the European Convention of 1932 (pp. 34-42). It is regrettable that more of our members do not make an earnest and sincere study of this remarkable book, for it treats most fully, not only of methods and policies, but also of the principles which underlie the policies and which therefore are really inseparable from the latter. Methods, on the other hand, involve only matters of detail and may be changed to suit the circumstances. Policies, as expressed by G. de P., are necessarily not only of long range, but unvarying in substance and principle, so that the policies of one Leader must be consistent with that of all other Leaders and indeed of the Masters also. That G. de P.'s policies were deeply involved in the matter of principle is seen in his plea to the Cabinet of the T.S.: "I most earnestly beseech the Cabinet, forever to continue the same general policies that I have inaugurated since I took office."

We find one particularly illuminating statement on page 34 of Messages: "The very structure of hierarchical government is that the fire of life and of thought, i.e. the delegation of authority, exists from the hierarch or summit through all intermediate stages down to the lowest, and that each individual member throughout the hierarchy is an integral portion of the government of which it forms a part." Here we should note that the term `delegate' means to commit or entrust rather than to exercise authority, as most people seem to think. Committing or entrusting implies an acceptance of obligation of a voluntary nature to fulfil the matter entrusted; nor is there any implication of impelling those who are delegated. By the voluntary acceptance of the authority delegated, the delegate becomes "an integral portion" of the government with authority or power to act. To continue the quotation: "There cannot be a hierarchy without a delegation of authority from top to bottom, which is equivalent to a delegation of responsibility from the head to what men call the lowest integral unit of the hierarchy." Before leaving this particular statement, we would call attention to the reference to "the fire of life and of thought" or the instilling of spiritual inspiration into the delegate, something manifestly impossible by compulsion. [11] Hence, from no standpoint can compulsion have any place in a true hierarchical system.

There are some four or five other statements which greatly help to an understanding of this subject and as they need no further comment or clarification, we will let them stand by themselves.

"No single individual of the Society is dispossessed of delegated responsibility and the prerogatives of individual initiative." (p. 39.)

"In a hierarchy every individual is not merely an integral and component part of the hierarchy, but de facto takes his own individual work and is individually responsible therefor; and in a democracy it is exactly the same - or should be." (p. 35.)

"H.P.B. came forth from her Masters into the world to do a great work; she was charged to found a Society, and this Society was originally intended to have as its fundamental principle of government the utmost freedom for every individual member thereof, combined with individual inalienable responsibility; because only in this manner can a true hierarchical government exist." (p. 37.)

"We Theosophists are linked with the gods, I repeat it linked with the gods, and with the hierarchical systematic organization, and it is our duty to recognize this fact and to obey ... but to `obey' not as slaves obey, but as free men obey the dictates of conscience and the impulses to do noble deeds. Obey the Voice within! This is spiritual hierarchical government." (p. 40.)

"If the day ever come, my Brothers, when you find that the Leader of the Theosophical Society, or any President of any National Section thereof, becomes what the Americans call a `boss,' you will know that structural decay arid degeneration have set in amongst us. The very essence of the hierarchical system of our Masters' work is brotherhood, love, compassion, strong intellect and vigorous and alert discrimination, including the incessant stimulation of the spiritual and intellectual faculties in the individuals composing our body-corporate. Remember these words." (p. 39 - Italics mine - J.E.C.)

"The government of the T.S. is this: Every National Section is autonomous under the provisions of the Constitution of the T.S. This means that it runs its own affairs as it will, well or badly. The Leader never interferes with the internal affairs of a National Section . . . Remember, Companions, you will never learn what responsibility is, you will never learn how to stand on your own feet, and do your own job like men, until you are willing to do it." (p. 20-1.)

*

"It is not bibliolatry based on our Theosophical textbooks which marks the genuine Theosophist. It is not shutting ourselves within the narrow and restricted bounds of egoistic and self-sufficient organizations which will prove those doing so to be genuine Theosophists, nor are they true to the teachings of the Masters and of their Messenger H.P. Blavatsky, who preach and teach Theosophy, but refuse to practice it. 'Theosophist is who Theosophy does,' once wrote H.P. Blavatsky, and wiser words were never written, mere brain-mind acquaintance with Theosophic textbooks does not prove the genuine Theosophist. The genuine Theosophist is he who has love for mankind in his heart, combined with a deep knowledge of the Theosophical teachings, and who carries these teachings into actual practice in his daily affairs. It is brotherhood: first, last, and all the time, that should be the guiding principle in life, not only of each Theosophist's own life, but of the policy guiding any Theosophical organization ..." - G. de Purucker, Messages to Conventions, p. 196. [12]

*

A LIFE WORTH LIVING
Polly Carr

This is the story of Mary McLeod Bethune. It is a story of special interest to Theosophists - for the life of this woman is another case in proof of one of Theosophy's basic tenets. And that is, of course, that the great, the highly-evolved individual is not enslaved by his environment. He takes the materials of his life - however shoddy they may seem to be - and with them he does what he will.

It is the greatest, the most heartening encouragement, to study the lives of these rare individuals. Probably you have your own favorite list. It may include the name of Abraham Lincoln - or perhaps that of George Washington Carver. It could well include the name of Mary McLeod Bethune.

She was born with the traditional "Three Strikes" against her. First of all, she was of the female sex. Secondly, her origin was as humble as could be imagined ... her parents were desperately poor. Thirdly - and most damning - she was a Negro ... the child of slave parents.

Any one of these might be enough to discourage the average person from any particularly far-reaching ambition. But Mrs. Bethune, who couldn't read or write until she was 11, now is known and loved, literally, by millions.

Once the girl, Mary McLeod, started to learn, she couldn't get enough "learning." She wanted more education - and more - and more. And she wanted to share her wonderful knowledge with others. She taught her first school lessons to her family -17 children there were; Mary was the 15th. They sat around in the candle-lighted log cabin at night - tired from the day's work in the cotton fields - but willing to learn from Mary.

People usually were willing to learn from Mary - and to take orders from her, too. So she naturally started organizing, teaching, executing ... getting things done. She set up her first school in Daytona Beach, Florida. Capital: $1.50. Pupils: her son and five little girls. Materials: charcoal for pencils, mashed eider-berries for ink. And hand-repaired furniture from the city dump.

You couldn't say the school prospered at first exactly - but it grew. Two years later, Mrs. Bethune owned the ground on which the unsavory city dump so long had flourished. She financed the deal by selling sweet potato pie and ice-cream to railroad construction gangs.

She built Faith Hall with the help of workmen who used second-hand bricks - and who took out part of their pay in tuition.

Bethune-Cookman College - as it is known now - is a four-year accredited college today - a college which has turned out two thousand graduates. It concentrates for the most part on vocational and trade skills - and, in particular, on teacher-training.

Mrs. Bethune volunteers the answer to a question she supposes you might ask. "Why is teacher-training so important?" "Because the state of Florida," she will answer, "does not permit white teachers to teach Negroes in public schools. And in all of Florida, where 500,000 Negroes live, there is only one school of higher education provided for Negroes."

Yes, it is clear enough. The work at Bethune-Cookman college is important.

Also important are some of the other jobs Mary Bethune has held. President Roosevelt, during the depression, appointed her as head of the Negro division of the National Youth Administration. At the United [13] Nations conference in San Francisco last year, she served as one of the team of advisers to the five U.S. voting delegates. Quite all honor for a woman - to say nothing of one who happens to he a Negro, in our society of false divisions and barriers.

Mrs. Bethune also is president of the National Council of Negro Women - an organization which she founded - and the Los Angeles chapter of which is headed by an old friend of Mary Bethune, Dr. Veda Somerville, a distinguished and charming woman herself.

Mrs. Bethune - now 71 - is possessed of a remarkable vigor and strength. Every morning she reads a passage to her fellow workers from a devotional book - and one of her favorite passages is this: "With this new day, O God, let some new strength be mine." From some source, Mary Bethune always has received that strength "to get things done."

Mary Bethune may not look like your traditional concept of a queen. But she has a regal bearing, a queenly demeanor - and a self-assuredness which commands respect.

More than that - there is a warmth and kindliness, a truly human current, which reaches you and calls forth a response. When great actresses have it, they call it "empathy."

And, above all, there is a keen, sharp, ever-functioning intelligence - something more alive and vibrant than intellect - rather, a never-static wisdom which, perhaps, has its source in intuition.

That warmth and wisdom combine to bring its this message of Mrs. Bethune's life - in these, her own words:

"Let me say this. The time has come for us to think - not as races or nations - but to think together in a spirit of love. It is time to cut down the mountains, to lift up the valleys, and to build a broad democratic plain on which all might walk together, toward peace, freedom, economic security and brotherhood."

Truly and theosophically spoken! These words might, indeed, have come from the mind and heart of another great woman - Helena Petrovna Blavatsky.

*

THOUGHTS ON A NEW RACE
Cecil Hind

Perhaps a more apt title would be: "Think as Young as You Are," since this is written for youngsters - and Oldsters. And if some synonyms are wanted for Oldsters, we can call them Reactionaries, Shellbacks, old Fuddy-Duddies, and so on. There aren't too many of them. But when we find one, we find his (or her) thinking has gotten into a groove.

Let me get right out on a limb right here, for it is my opinion that we are doing some very blind, worm-like thinking on the Pacific Coast. And elsewhere! For years we have talked about the Coming Race - the tall, straight-limbed, fine-thinking ones. For years we have been pointing at this child, and that child, feeling mach more than half-convinced that here were some specimens.

We were right. They are here. And it has been a marvelous experience, recognizing them as the glorious young precursors. Wondrous children. Fine intellects. Something deep within them that Oldsters only barely sense is there. The Corning Race is arriving, to bring a new glory to our Earth Planet.

You've heard something like that before.

Do you know, though, what has happened? We Oldsters have found the rara avis - the beautiful new specimen - rising from our soil; the first shoots, and millions following. And what have we done? We have chucked some more of our rotten old soil, and our dubious humus, on top of these first, fine specimens. And they are choking and stifling under it, right now. [14]

So Iím writing this to our youngsters - this article - hoping to set them free. I know where they are. They are in our classrooms, in our workrooms, and in our high schools and colleges. They are the serious ones; the wondering ones. Even before adolescence, they know what is going on - and I mean by that, that at an incredibly early age they have their fabulous intellects, and understandings, at work.

However, they don't make the impressions that some persons might look for. They are not blustering, and impressive, and domineering. They are not apt at tart and smart repartee. They are not even very vocal. But you will find them appraising - appraising and appraising, always; studying, weighing, analyzing. And when they speak, they are probably very seldom understood. I would go much further, and state that they are never WHOLLY understood.

Don't ponder over that statement too long, though. After all, this earth is now theirs, and it is time we looked upon ourselves as the Vanishing Race - we Oldsters. After all, if we cannot understand these young migrants, it surely isn't any fault of theirs!

The situation is much like the history of the American Indian, who discovered a new race on his shores - a race which happened to be easily recognizable, because it was white. As ship after ship landed more settlers, certain wise men among the Indians told their people that this was the beginning of the end. And so, in great measure, it was. And the Indian, in great numbers, has gone to his happy hunting grounds.

We Oldsters should prepare ourselves for a similar fate.

What I would really like to do, though, is speed our passing. But before you are overcome with consternation, I hasten to beg not to be misunderstood. I am not advocating the immolation of everyone over forty-six - or even over one hundred and forty-six. But I do urge this, that we realize as quickly as possible that a greater race is slipping in amongst us. Theirs is to be the rule not ours. Theirs the Dominion - and the Power - and the Glory - and in their domain the power and the glory shall be as great as anything earth has ever known.

So let us listen to them. Let us urge them to speak. Let us cast off the dubious humus of our leaden ideas, and our restraining ways, and instead get the Youngsters of the Pacific Coast, and elsewhere, to think - and speak - as young as they are!

Many will shy away from the idea. Yet there are voices among the young of today that are well worth listening to. They are voices from a New Day-a Coming Day - and the Dawn is already here.

So speak fearlessly, you who are inheriting the Earth. And think! Think as young as you are!

And if I would add one last word, it is this:

The Old is done for ... decadent ... and decaying. Doddering Oldsters will clutch their money bags and prattle of their gold; not knowing that their gold has gone to dross, and that their power was never, at best, more than a chimera, a miasma, fouling the heart and the mind.

You Old Ones - step aside! - and quickly! - for your vaunted might has never been but a step from the abyss. Today is a New Day, and a New Race. To them the torch! Lit by flames no Oldster's hand can kindle; by flames no Oldster's eyes can see.

With happy words of welcome, let us depart; for the Happy Hunting Grounds are calling.

New Race! Welcome! And - farewell. [15]

*

THOUGHTS BY THE WAYSIDE

Not the least of the advantages of a vagabond-like existence is the ability that it gives to make comparisons between man and all the other forms of material life on this planet.

A close study of animal life reveals that, not having the power of verbal expression, animals reveal by their ACTIONS alone that which they really are.

In the ease of man it is found that lie often relies on vocal or written expression as a mere form of camouflage to cover up or detract attention from his actions, the latter so often belying his words.

In our so-called civilized world, it is a common habit to conceal a motive or all action, or to try and find a worthy reason for an unholy cause, by quoting verbosely from some weighty tome written by all acknowledged master. There is nothing so deadly as the chopped-up quotation, where words are twisted in meaning by clever deletion or lack of stating what they directly referred to.

Adolph Hitler, Napoleon, Bismarck and many, many others who sought to seize power and rule by domination and suggestions have used the wordy barrages mentioned. They deceived the people for a time, but sooner or later their ACTIONS unmasked their true purposes and all of them have crashed, but only after much harm had been committed. The ancient saying: "The Forces of Evil are a Law of Annihilation to themselves alone" is a true statement; it is based on the Divine Provision that ACTIONS finally disclose the hand of even the cleverest camouflager with words. Elimination always follows such disclosures, BALANCE is restored.

It is only the very unobservant who are deceived by these camouflage methods. No Wayfarer could be; his observation of all the Kingdoms of Nature has taught him that there is only one way of being able to appraise a man, and that is to observe carefully his ACTIONS and disregard entirely his words, if the latter belie his actions.

Anyone skilled in the art can deceive many by honeyed words, bolstered by carefully selected extracts from the words of others. However, the Divine Laws that rifle this Universe decree that it is a rare man who can deceive another when it is found that his actions are in direct opposition to the words uttered or written.

Here again Theosophy enters the picture as an aid. It is a searchlight whose light is searing only to the untrue and those who would dominate others ruthlessly. Theosophy is an ethical system of great merit. It is based on mankind being divinely ruled by the great Trinity: Sincerity - honesty - Justice. Theosophy states that even a tyro on the Path of Self- Correction, which is the Theosophic one, must be absolutely SINCERE in his ideals and aspirations, HONEST in all his planning, and JUST in all his actions. The Trinity mentioned is thee basis of all masterliness, of all chelaship, and even of all aspirants who merely await outside the door or carry the message of those within.

Hence, due to Theosophy, one is furnished a true gauge by which to appraise the historical characters mentioned, as well as many minor individuals, even down to the everyday walks of life. It is not for naught that one has heard: "By their FRUITS (actions) shall ye know them," "ACTIONS speak louder than words," and many other aphorisms.

Thank the Spiritual Intelligences for seeing to it that animal life has protective camouflage alone. Only Man, having FREE-WILL, uses WORDS to excuse his actions. The hooded cobra sings not a bird-like song, neither does the vicious scorpion chirp pleasantly like a cricket.

MORAL: - Observe actions, disregard all words unless supported by these actions.

And that's Analytical Theosophy.

- The Wayfarer. [Hubert S. Turner] [16]

*

ON OUR BOOKSHELF: The Perennial Philosophy, by Aldous L. Huxley, Harper and Bros., 1945.

"If an arhat thinks to himself he is an arhat, this is proof that he is not an arhat." - Buddhist Saying quoted in The Perennial Philosophy.

I am one of those who feel grateful for not being a learned critic who must write reviews for highbrow journals and magazines on literary events.

When Aldous Huxley's Perennial Philosophy came into my hands early in the spring as a lay-reader, I was not expected to pass judgment on it the following day. Now, as spring is passing into summer, I have finished reading it and shall put it on my bookshelf within easy reach, together with other books, marked and worn from much use, such as the Bhagavad-Gita, the Voice of the Silence, the Tao-the-Ching, the Golden Precepts of Esotericism, and the Imitation of Christ.

Having read it, I feel the satisfaction to have spent day after day, in the quiet and solitude of early mornings, in the serene company of saints and sages of different time-periods and tongues. As to the author, he has had the exceeding high taste of remaining in the background. Yet, I have been aware all the lime of his presence and guidance.

Already in the opening pages I realized that in the August presence of genuine Wisdom you must lay aside the busy brain-mind-self, and attune yourself to the simple language, the unique imagery of these master-expounders of the Inner Life. Paradoxical as it may sound, The Perennial Philosophy is a most timely work and one cannot but feel deeply grateful to Aldous Huxley for having again given us an important book to bestir us in our smugness, our self sufficiency and cocksureness. Its quality will counteract the mediocrity in taste, and the leaning towards the "quasi" and "pseudo" in philosophical, metaphysical, and mystical thought today.

On the other hand the reception of The Perennial Philosophy proves that the people are hungry for the "bread of life"; and it is probably only human that it should whet the appetite to have it prepared and served by a recognized and brilliant writer, whom we cannot blame for other-worldliness, but who stands right in our sophisticated midst. Wherever may be his feet, his head, we must admit, is among the stars. - Maja W. Synge.

Theosophical Activities
(Partial List)

LOS ANGELES -
- Lodge No. 60. Sven Eek, President. Public lecture first Sunday of every month, 3:00 P.M., at 330 No. Western Ave. For information regarding classes, etc., call FE-5914.
- Lodge No. 58. Mrs. Bessie M. Dickley, President. Meeting held on Fridays, 8:00 P.M., 831 No. Mariposa Ave. Call for information OL-3063.
- Young People's Lodge No. 36. Richard H. Cutting, President. For information call NO-16429 or FI-5521.
- Theosophical Information Office. Boris de Zirkoff in charge. Room 240, Western Bldg., 553 So. Western Ave., L.A. 5, FI-5221. Books for sale; lending library. Editorial offices of "Theosophia"

SAN DIEGO -
- Public Lectures every Sunday, 3:00 P.M. Theosophical Center, Fourth Ave. and Olive St., Jackson 1740. Local and out-of-town speakers. For information call T. Marriott, Franklin 7663.
- Lodge No. 1. Foster L. Griffiths, President. Meetings every Friday, 8:00 P.M., at above address.
- Lodge No. 65. Men's Lodge. George L. Caffee, President. Meets every second Wednesday, 8:00 P.M. at above address. For information call Wm. N. Stevens, Sec'y, Woodcrest 3453.