THEOSOPHIA
A Living Philosophy For Humanity

Volume IV
No. 6 (24) - March-April 1948

[Cover photo: Along the Redwood Highway, Northern California
(Courtesy Pacific Pathways, Los Angeles, California.).]

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THEOSOPHIA
A LIVING PHILOSOPHY FOR HUMANITY
Published every Two Months. Sponsored by an International Group of Theosophists
Objectives:
To disseminate the teachings of the Ancient Wisdom.
To uphold and promote the Original Principles of the modern Theosophical Movement, as set forth by H. P. Blavatsky and her Teachers.
To challenge bigotry and superstition in every form.
To foster mutual understanding and co-operation among all students of Theosophy, irrespective of their affiliation.
EDITOR: Boris de Zirkoff.
CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: Irene Ponsonby, Dr. Sven Eek, J. Emory Clapp, William L. Biersach, Arthur L. Joquel.
ADVISORY BOARD: Col. J.M. Prentice, Jan H. Venema, Hendrik Oosterink, James L. Harris, Richard H. Cutting, T. Marriott.
BUSINESS MANAGER: Norine G. Chadil.
CIRCULATION MANAGER: Audree Benner.
Subscription: $1.50 a year (six issues); single copy 25 cents.
Send all subscriptions, renewals and correspondence to: Room 240, Western Bldg., 553 South Western Avenue, Los Angeles 5, California. Make checks payable to "Theosophia."
None of the organized Theosophical Societies, as such, are responsible for any ideas expressed in this magazine, unless contained in an official document. The Editors are responsible for unsigned articles only.

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A THOUGHT TO REMEMBER ...

Have you discovered that thoughts are things? When you formulate a clear thought, if while you are thinking it you also experience a strong rush of feeling, or desire, or will in connection with it, you have created a living thought form in the surrounding invisible world. That thought form is out to influence somebody, for good or for ill, according to its nature. ...

During the second world war, the use of blood banks was organized so efficiently that plasma was available right on the battle field. ... Today some thirty-three hospitals are organized as the EYE BANK FOR SIGHT RESTORATION, INC., on a national scale ...

Important as are these developments, they pale into insignificance when compared to the influence that can be wielded by humanity's thought banks. Every person capable of thinking clearly is constantly contributing to one or another of the thought banks. Let an evil man, easily moved to commit a crime, be confronted in the mental atmosphere with a thought form presenting the deed as desirable, and he will be motivated to carry it into action. He will have drawn upon the bulk of such thoughts created by people who have furnished the motivating force by their careless thoughts. Fortunately, there are also banks of noble, kindly, and beautiful thoughts. Anyone, who is trying to think clearly, but who is oppressed by the bewilderment, fear, and suspicion among men today, can attune himself to and draw upon the thought banks built up by those who contemplate in many ways the spiritual greatness and beauty of mankind. Thus may his faith be restored when faith is desperately needed.

Let no one believe, then, that time spent in high-level thinking about man is mere idle preoccupation - stratospheric flights into unreality. Every great thought about brotherhood, about the unity of nations, about the divinity slowly awakening in human hearts - every noble concept of man's high destiny - is a direct and valuable contribution to mankind's thought bank. - James S. Perkins, President, The Theosophical Society in America (Adyar), Discovery, February, 1946. [3]

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WHERE THEOSOPHY AND SCIENCE MEET
Boris de Zirkoff

Scientific advances continue to point in the direction of the teachings presented by the Esoteric Philosophy.

We now hear of mysterious radio waves continually bombarding the earth and coming from no particular ascertainable source. Very little is known as yet regarding these tuneless, codeless, cosmic broadcasts, except that they come from the outer space and impinge upon our most sensitive instruments. The National Bureau of Standards is building at Sterling, Va., a radio observatory to study the waves and their mysterious origin. The work will be in charge of Grote Reber, a young scientist of 35.

Some years ago, having heard about these radio waves, Reber built a radio "telescope," which consisted mainly of a saucer-shaped receiver some 30 feet in diameter. With this apparatus he made a radio map of the sky. He found that strong broadcasts were coming from the Milky Way. The majority of galaxies have a dense central nucleus, but the nucleus of our own galaxy or home-universe (if one exists) is hidden by clouds of cosmic dust which block its light. When Reber turned his radio "telescope" on the locality where the nucleus ought to be, he got a "bulge" of powerful energy. He concluded that such a nucleus exists. In another area of the sky, where only faint stars call be seen, Reber found an invisible something which "shines very brightly in the radio region."

In connection with the above line of research, students of Theosophy should remind themselves of the following passage from a letter of Master K. H. received by A. P. Sinnett in October, 1882:

"Not all of the lntra-Mercurial planets, nor yet those in the orbit of Neptune are yet discovered, though they are strongly suspected. We know that such exist and where they exist; and that there are innumerable planets "burnt out" they say - in obscuration we say; - planets in formation and not yet luminous, etc. ... Science will hear sounds from certain planets before she sees them. This is a prophecy." (The Mahatma Letters, pp. 169-170.)

A similar reasoning could well be applied to other cosmic bodies not of a planetary type. There may be physically invisible solar bodies (which means stellar, of course), whose relative ethereality cannot be detected by our eye-sight. Their presence, and possibly their very motions, may be discovered one of these days by means of radio waves and their innumerable modifications.

In the field of Cosmogenesis, astronomer Fred Whipple finds fresh evidence in support of his "dust-cloud" theory. He holds that in the beginning there was an immense dust-cloud in our part of space, similar to clouds visible through the telescope in many parts of the sky. It condensed over a period of millions of years and formed a blazing star - the sun - while giving birth to planets at the same time. Whipple thinks that the earth is just about is old as the sun. This is a far cry from the prevailing theory that the planets were formed when matter was drawn out of the sun following a collision or tidal wave caused by the approach of another star. This older theory, still generally accepted, makes inhabitable planets a rare "accident" in the universe. But Whipple's theory would make it the normal thing for all stars to be attended by planets which probably have living beings on them.

Students of Theosophy will observe the gradual approach on the part of this scientist towards the ancient teaching according to which an original "cloud" of cosmic matter - primordial matter in its state of pralaya - is slowly re-invigorated and re-vitalized from within by the influence or rather the influx of spiritually-magnetic energies [4] and forces from the Cosmic Entity then about to re-imbody itself as a galactic universe (or a solar system, on a smaller scale). Within this cosmic "womb" appear various nuclei or pivotal points of whirling energies - laya centers - from and out of which are born both the central luminary and the planetary bodies of the system (or larger condensations and groups of luminaries, if we consider a galactic system including billions of individual solar systems). Science is moving towards the recognition of the fact that the Sun is the older brother of the planets, an ancient teaching of the esoteric philosophy. (See the many references to the Nebular Theory in The Secret Doctrine, Index; and chapter v, Fundamentals of the Esoteric Philosophy, by G. de Purucker).

Fresh evidence his been advanced to the effect that meteorites are fragments of a shattered planet that once revolved around the sun. The idea itself is not new. Astronomers have long been aware of an "empty" space between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, where a whole belt of asteroidal bodies of various sizes are circling the Sun, The idea of a shattered planet fell into disrepute in recent years when the ages of the meteorites were calculated by the same method employed in dating earthly rock formations, namely by their radioactivity, and their helium content. This research indicated that besides being of different content, some being stone, others nickel and iron, the meteorites have varying ages.

It should be pointed out in this connection that the above-mentioned method would be fairly accurate only if the rate of radioactive emission had remained throughout past ages the same as it is today. This assumption is a gratuitous one, and cannot be substantiated. If the rate of disintegration varies with the ages - and the esoteric philosophy states that it most certainly does, and advances valid reasons for this statement - calculations as to the age of rock formations are faulty.

According to Dr. Carl A. Bauer, Harvard astronomer, some meteorites could have been prematurely aged by the atom-smashing impact of cosmic rays while moving around in space. This would tend to remove the difficulty of "age." Bauer thinks that an ancient planet was broken up several hundred million years ago; it was smaller than the earth but similar in construction, with a nickel-iron core and a stony shell. Strong support of this idea came from Dr. Harrison Brown of the University of Chicago. Having made a special study of some 100 meteorites that have fallen on the earth within tile last century, he concluded that "all the fragments came front an exploding planet which had a molten core of nickel-iron at about 3,000 degrees centigrade." The delicate chemical techniques employed by Brown were developed during the Manhattan project. This new method is expected to help work out the whole history of the solar system, including the formation of the sun and the earth.

According to the occult teachings, meteorites are fragments not only of disintegrated planetary bodies, but also of suns, whose life-span has ended. Space is full of such fragments. They are in due course of time re-integrated into newly-formed suns and planets. The belt of asteroids between Mars and Jupiter, while unquestionably formed of fragments of some "exploded" planet, is nevertheless material out of which a future planetary embodiment will be built. There exist some very interesting teachings on this entire problem scattered throughout The Secret Doctrine and elsewhere.

We also wish to draw the attention of all students to the following epochal words of a distinguished scientist, Dr. Edmund W. Sinnott, Director of Yale's Sheffield Scientific School, the oldest in the country. We quote from his address delivered in October, 1947, at the centennial celebration of the School: [5]

"Science is modern, popular and dominant. It needs no special pleaders. ... It cannot help being tempted to a certain arrogance and a conviction that the keys of truth are in its hands alone. [But] logic and reason are no monopoly of science. ... To many thoughtful minds the gains of science are secondary and superficial things.

"Let us face the fact that what the world must have is a fuller cultivation of those qualities which are best termed spiritual. Whatever we may think as to their origin, as scientists, we should no longer sneer at them; for on their strength depends our own survival. Man leads a double life, of mind and spirit. If mind is suspect, as in religious fanaticism, man may become a creature only of his instincts; if spirit is suspect, as today when scientific materialism carries such authority, he is in danger of degenerating into a selfish and soulless mechanism. To be a whole man, he must cultivate both parts of him. ...

"The sciences must be taught not as a privileged and superior discipline but as parts of a great whole and against the background of all human knowledge. Only whole men can save the world today."

Amen, could well be said to this by every student of the Ancient Wisdom. To regenerate modern science, there is urgent need of the spiritual and highly-ethical outlook on the part of its foremost leaders.

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VULCAN, THE INTRA-MERCURIAL PLANET
Arthus Louis Joquel, II

Astronomical research, which was dormant or at least extremely curtailed during the recent war, is beginning to be resumed. Along with the completion of the 200-inch Mt. Palomar telescope, there should come a resurgence of investigation in all the varied fields of astronomy, and particularly in that division which has been seriously neglected for many years that of planetary investigation.

Besides pointing the telescopes at the eight already known planets, there is possibility of work being done to determine the likelihood of existence of further major bodies in the Sun's family. There is ample data to warrant such a search. Even with the discovery of Pluto the other planets do not conform strictly to the orbits laid down for them. And the evidence for all as yet unrecognized intra-Mercurial planet (or planets) is strong enough to encourage considerable work in that direction.

Since 1618, when Riccioli recorded a "fiery red globe," and up to the report of Guillaume, who in 1929 saw a black spot rapidly transiting the Sun, over seventy observations have been made, many of them by men of unimpeachable reputation and high ability.

Despite the existence of observations over a period of one hundred and fifty years previous, the problem of an intra-Mercurial planet was first seriously discussed in 1857, when a combination of the facts that Mercury was not conforming to its calculated orbit, and the reported observation by Ritter of an unidentified body crossing the Sun on June 11, 1855, brought the question into prominence among astronomers.

The general opinion then prevailing was that there existed a belt of asteroidal fragments circling the Sun within the orbit of Mercury, the attraction of which fragments would account for the perturbations noted. And it was while discussions were in progress on this problem that a physician and amateur astronomer, Dr. Lescarbault of Orgeres, France, announced that on March 26, 1859, he had observed a body of planetary size crossing the face of the Sun. [6] Lescarbault's report was carefully investigated by Leverrier, the famous French astronomer, who satisfied himself of its validity. Leverrier gave to the planet the name of Vulcan, and, abandoning the asteroid-belt hypothesis which he had held, began to calculate when it would again transit the Sun. From the list of twenty observations then recorded, Leverrier selected six reports of unknown dark bodies seen crossing the Sun, and proceeded to work out from this selected group the data on Vulcan.

From his study of these six transits - reported by Fritsche, October 10, 1802; Stark, November 9, 1819; De Cuoois, October 30, 1839; Sidebotham, November 12, 1849; Lescarbault, March 26, 1859; and Lummis, March 20, 1862 - Leverrier predicted that the next transit of Vulcan would take place on March 22, 1877. Astronomers the world over scanned and photographed the Sun and its near-vicinity on that day, but Vulcan failed to appear.

The intra-Mercurial planet theory fell into disrepute, and Leverrier died a few months later. A brief flurry of interest aroused shortly afterward, when two independent observers, Professors Watson and Swift, reported seeing unidentified star-like objects near the Sun during a total solar eclipse on July 29, 1878. But astronomers in general were content to let the question of Vulcan be quietly forgotten.

In 1888, however, the matter was brought up again - this time in a different field. H.P. Blavatsky, writing in The Secret Doctrine on "Planets, Rounds, and Man," stated:

"... we are told of the planets - of which seven only were held as sacred, as being ruled by the highest regents or gods, and not at all because the ancients knew nothing of the others ..." (Vol. I, p. 152)

To this a footnote was added:

"Many more planets are enumerated in the Secret Books than in modern astronomical works."

In various other places Madame Blavatsky referred to "(the earth's) invisible companions," "every hitherto discovered planet (or those still to be discovered)," "'planets of which astronomy knows nothing'." These casual references to the subject were not enlarged upon until the following year, when in the "Instruction Number Two" of the Esoteric School of Theosophy, she wrote:

"... the Sun is not a planet, but the central star of our system, and the Moon a dead planet, from which all the principles are gone, both being substitutes, the one for an invisible intra-Mercurial planet, and the other for a planet which seems to have now altogether disappeared from view." (page 31.) (Also The Secret Doctrine, Vol. III, p. 459.)

A little further on in the same work, a footnote states:

"The planet for which the Sun is a substitute, was still nearer the Sun than Mercury now is, and was one of the most secret and highest planets. It is said to have become invisible at the close of the Third Race." (Page 34.) (Also The Secret Doctrine, Vol. 111, p. 462.)

During the first half of 1889 Madame Blavatsky was attending the Theosophical Lodge in London which bore her name, and answering many questions concerning statements which she had made in The Secret Doctrine. Among these questions was one requesting information about the planets for which the Sun and Moon were substitutes. She replied:

"There is no secret in it, though our modern astrologers are ignorant of these planets. One is an intra-Mercurial planet, which is supposed to have been discovered, and named by anticipation Vulcan, and the other a planet with a retrograde motion, sometimes visible at a certain hour of night and apparently near the moon. The occult influence of this planet is transmitted by the moon." (Transactions of the Blavatsky Lodge, p. 48.)

The most Prominent contemporary authority on the problem of Vulcan is L.H. Weston, whose little brochure, " The Intra-Mercurial Planet Vulcan" was published in 1908. In this he has collected a lot of evidence that the ancients held knowledge of other planets beyond those visible to the naked eye, [7] which figured in the general astronomical lore of the time. According to Weston:

"The selection of this name (Vulcan) was, as a matter of fact, due to a singular mythological story which gives an almost exact description of an inner planet. An intra-Mercurial planet is pretended to be hot, like a black-smith's iron, because it is close to the Sun, and Vulcan of mythology, or Tubal-Cain of the Bible, was feigned to be a black-smith, or all artisan engaged in the occupation of forging hot iron. Vulcan caught Mars, and made sport of him before Olympus, and we actually find some invisible planet near the Sun producing a detrimental effect on Mars. ... It seems possible, if not probable, that Vulcan was the true ancient name for the great intra-Mercurial planet, and that the attributes of the Vulcan of mythology correspond with the scientific effects of the intra-Mercurial planet of Chaldean Astrology."

Weston refers to Democritus, philosopher and astrologer of the third century B.C., as stating that "there were certain planets invisible and unknown to the commoner sort of observers of his day." He mentions the Jewish worship of an "invisible deity situated in a place too intensely light to gaze upon," and presents evidence to show that the Egyptians had knowledge of Vulcan, an intelligence which was possibly derived from the early Atlantean astrologers.

Regarding the customary invisibility of Vulcan at its calculated times of transit, Weston sets forth the hypothesis that the planet is a thin, flat disc of matter, instead of being a spheroid like the rest of the planets. As its axial rotation would place the thin edge of the disc toward the ecliptic, it would be extremely difficult to observe. Weston postulates that occasionally Vulcan captures masses of matter from Sun-circling comets, and this material, surrounding the planet in a globe of cloud-like matter, makes it visible during transit. When Vulcan next approaches the node, however, its high axial rotation will have by that time thrown off the cometary clouds, and its passage across the Sun will be unobservable.

Weston has calculated the rotational period of Vulcan around the Sun to be approximately nineteen days, and its mean distance from the Sun at 12,753,000 miles. Richard A. Proctor, a prominent British astronomer of the last century, calculated that Vulcan would transit the Sun at least once a year, and possibly oftener, depending on the inclination of its orbit.

It is possible, also, that Vulcan is beginning to emerge partially from the invisibility into which it passed at the time of the Third Root-Race. In this case, it will in the future be observed again, and finally may return to full view as one of the Sun's family of planets.

As pointed out by Dr. G. de Purucker in his Fundamentals of the Esoteric Philosophy:

"The teaching with reference to that planet, the highest (in one sense) of our seven sacred planets, is this, that it became invisible to our physical senses at about the middle point of the third Root-Race; but as we have now reached again, on the upward Arc, the plane corresponding to the degree of plane-development of the Third Root-Race; in a relatively short cyclic period, it should begin again to show itself; but even today, while it might be generally invisible on account of what we may call its ethereality, if searched for by telescope it might nevertheless be seen, under favorable conditions, crossing the solar disk. And why? Because the truly indescribable brilliance of the sun throws anything that appears before it, into visibility, so to speak, as a darker body, and it could thus be seen as such a shadowy body crossing the solar disk (p. 299).

The question of Vulcan is still unsettled, and will probably remain so for some time to come. But when the problem is finally settled, much credit will have to be given to H.P. Blavatsky, for having positively affirmed the existence of this planet, and pointed out its true place in the scheme of the solar system. [8]

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IS YOUR "COLOR SLIP" SHOWING?
Lee Colby Ellsworth

Squarely before the nations of the world and before every citizen stands the problem of peace and brotherhood as opposed to war and separation. The problem looms over us like a terrible genii brought forth by the rubbing of the scientific lamp of atomic fission. A little too late to decide if we wish to call forth the genii; we have already rubbed the lamp!

Perhaps the most vital problem in America's approach to the world and the possibility of world government lies in her national attitude toward peoples of other nations, and peoples of darker skins. Nations are people - we cannot lose sight of this fact. Nor can we lose sight of the fact that the representatives of governments who face each other over conference tables are individual human beings appraising other individual human beings. It is not unseemly to imagine that the delegates of the brown, black, and yellow skinned peoples veil their eyes and think their own highly personal thoughts, as they appraise the white skinned American delegates across the table, considering the white man's personal background in the United States and his nation's history in light of racial prejudice and color distinction. American has been reminded at several such meetings that her "colored slip" is showing. And so it is!

The grave international problems facing the world's leadership and the seeming apathy of that leadership to assume the peaceful, tolerant attitude requisite to the understanding and settlement of the problems, may make them seem hopeless at first glance. But they are not so, for "as a man thinketh in his heart, so is he," and as a nation's people think in their hearts, in that exact manner will the nation function. In this sense the individual citizen and his thinking processes assume paramount importance in the general problem. If the thought processes of a nation's people may be turned away from prejudice, division, segregation and discrimination, into unity, acceptance, harmony and the gathering together of neighbors, the working of natural law will turn the nation's leadership away from the same evils and into the same peaceful channels.

Funk & Wagnalls standard dictionary defines prejudice as a "judgment or opinion formed without due examination; a premature or biased opinion." A prejudice, then, is a preconceived opinion rendered without benefit of reason and investigation. All prejudices are cut of such cloth and no man is without them. When a man functions without reason he is the prey of his own prejudices and the mass prejudices of the unreasoning element in his society.

There are reasons for the psychotic race prejudices in America, but there are no valid bases for the opinions which spring from the prejudices. The reasons for prejudice are universally psychological and economic. No one nation may lay sole claim to the predisposing causes of prejudice.

It was convenient economically to form taboos against defenseless people, principally dark and yellow skinned ones, in order that the white majority might assure itself adequate labor of unlimited hours without comment from the chore-boy.

It was a relatively peaceful system until the numbers of the white majority increased to the point where menial tasks formerly relegated to the minority chore-boy became attractive paying jobs to the bankrupt white members. The chore-boy found himself the target of two archers: the social taboos of the upper class chained him to his menial tasks and no others, but now he must compete with the lower class to hold his menial task if he proposed to eat.

Psychologically, the dark and yellow skinned peoples, together with the foreign-born, served as a crutch to those white nationals of sagging ego who [9] required a scapegoat above whom they might tower in mighty superiority. Worse still, individual members of the scapegoat groups believed they, too, could salvage their pride by assuming to tower over the members of another scapegoat group!

The pattern of absolute racial and national prejudice was accomplished!

The object of this discussion, then, is to try and disperse racial prejudice with racial reasons in order that society through the power of its individual thinking and reasoning members may face the light of national and international responsibility, strong and free in the knowledge of a fact in nature, and true to the first object of the Theosophical Society: "To form a nucleus of a Universal Brotherhood of Humanity without distinction of race, color, or creed."

Scientists tell us that no human "race" can be identified with any degree of accuracy. The so-called "races" are simply components of the human race and are so completely mixed and admixed as to defy classification. Physiologists assure us that the bloodstream of the human race is one. Not even the microscope can reveal a difference in the blood cells and plasma of human beings, except that they be healthy or diseased. Sociologists have failed to prove that there is any difference in the mental or intellectual potential of the "races," and the findings of some of these efforts to prove a white superiority have resulted in an embarrassment to the investigators. Even the chromo-somatic equation of the human race is one, pretty clearly indicating Mother Nature's intention.

This science knows: there are decided levels and gradations of intelligence and potential within the members of the human race. These levels are common to all races and to all nationalities. Beyond this, science cannot prove racial superiority or inferiority.

If science and every major religion on the earth, as well as the most ancient of esoteric teachings, proclaim man to be homogeneous, how is it then that society persists in racial discrimination, segregation, restriction and intolerance? Simply because man is collectively and individually prejudiced ... possessed of opinions formed without examination and held without reason.

There are those among white Americans who persist in discriminating against and restricting the Jews in spite of the despicable anti-Semitic holocaust in Europe which played some part in American entry into the last world war. They say it is because Jews are "loud, avaricious, grasping, and strange." We are to assume then that the white Gentile produces no loud, avaricious, grasping, and strange people? Hardly.

The Jew is often chosen for special malice for two reasons: first, because for ages someone else, somewhere else has been choosing him, and he serves us well when we feel we need a personal object of annoyance when things in general do not suit us, and second, because some in our midst suffer from a strange neurosis concerning the division of the world's goods. Much of their thinking is based on the proposition: if someone else gets something I have or want to have, then there will not be enough for me. If a Jew owns some of the world's goods, then surely some Gentile somewhere is suffering from a lack of them. Undoubtedly so! but a great many devout Jews are suffering from the same material lacks.

This narrow attitude never takes into account the host of musicians, humanitarians, scientists, artists, and martyrs who have trod down the ages in the Hebrew Faith since the deliverance out of Egypt.

Today as in the days of Herod, Jesus of Nazareth would find no room at the inn and only a limited acceptance into the "best" circles of America!

Many people (including many members of the persecuted Jewish faith) relegate all dark skinned peoples to ghettos and districts because they say the dark ones, especially the Negroes, are "dirty, possessed of an unpleasant odor, boisterous, ignorant, and highly [10] sexed." A cursory glance at the restricting society will lay the same ills at its superior feet.

The American Negro, occupying the last rung of the ladder of acceptance which prejudice has built, is the white American's brother psychologically, intellectually and spiritually. Few are the American Negroes in whose veins no so-called "white blood" flows. The culture of Africa has long since been lost in a total acceptance of the Anglo-Saxon language and learning, standards and ideals. Even the Negro's religion is predominantly and devoutly Christian.

He may be dirty, but if he is, the white man has continued to hire him in the kitchen and nursery of America without alarm. If, as an individual, he is supposed to possess an unpleasant odor it is more often then not odor common to all people who work by the sweat of their bodies, without sanitation or knowledge of hygienic methods. He may be ignorant of learning but so are all people deprived of education. The education of the white race would rest on shallow ground were it left to the youngsters to trudge off to school willingly each day of their childhood. And if the Negro is boisterous or over-sexed, well, high humor and loud fun are good antidotes for pain and suffering, and surely the repeated attacks of the white race upon the chastity of an unwilling people might reasonably have contributed something to that people's attitudes. In any case, the Negro often learned his manners from his white brother.

Ignorantly assuming that all the foregoing characteristics are true, to what nether world of race do we relegate the Negro great of art and science and the professions, who have stepped out of the ghettos of ignorance and superstition into the world of knowledge and unprecedented accomplishment? One surely cannot say they are Negroes, for they are possessed of none of these undesirable qualities, and heaven forbid that one call them white!

Even Gautama the Buddha himself would be required to ride in the jim-crow car between George Washington Carver and Fredrick Douglas for the sole fact of his swarthy skin, were he to cross the American continent today!

The "races" of the world are one. They are one in all respects. Each has its great and its holy. Each has its debased and depraved. In each there is genius and ignorance, wealth and poverty, decency and indecency, peace and war, sensitivity and dullness, weakness and strength.

The most casual student of the ancient wisdom is beholden by his knowledge to concern himself personally and actively with the problem of racial animosities in the world. It cannot be honestly asked: "What can I do about it so long as society persists in the folly?" Society is simply the amalgamation of individual units and is capable of changing, as a body, only as its units change.

It is the bounden duty of every free-thinker, of every man of good will, of every scientist, every professional man, every workman who has been exposed to the great mass of enlightening information on the races ... it is up to all of these actively, consciously, daily to construct personal bridges of contact and good-will to peoples of other races, creeds and nationalities. Within the personal sphere of each of us this work begins ... within our neighborhoods, our businesses, our churches, schools, and most important, within our homes.

What good can be realized by protesting against anti-Semitism in our lodges and societies if we refuse to include the local Jewish neighbor family in the activities of our community? What hope is there for the solution to the Negro problem, or any other minority problem, if we persist in refusing welcome to our children's minority schoolmates in our homes?

So long as a person refuses to admit another person to his personal circle on the basis of racial, religious, or national difference, that person is showing race prejudice actively, although he may never voice a word against his [11] brothers. It is the inalienable right of man to exclude persons of any group (his own included) from his personal life on grounds of unethical behaviour, variant standards or simple dislike, but on other grounds, no matter how sugar-coated, how white-washed, or how "reasonable" they may be, he is a prejudiced man and is aggressively practicing racial and religious discrimination against his fellows.

In the challenging words of a great American, and a citizen of the world, Thomas Paine:

"Wherefore instead of gazing at each other with suspicious, doubtful curiosity, let each of us hold out to his neighbor the hearty hand of friendship, and unite in drawing a line which shall bury in forgetfulness every former dissension. Let the names of Whig and Tory (left or right, Negro or white) be extinct; and let none other be heard among us than that of a good citizen, an open and resolute friend, and a virtuous supporter of the rights of mankind and of the free and independent states of America.

"When it shall be said in any country in the world, my poor are happy, neither ignorance nor distress is to be found among them; my jails are empty of prisoners, my streets of beggars; the aged are not in want, the taxes are not oppressive; the rational world is my friend, because I am a friend of its happiness: when these things can be said, then may that country boast of its constitution and its government."

This, then, is the day when thinking, reasoning, spiritually awakened individuals on the American continent and throughout the world must reach out their hands to their brothers of whatever race. They must reach out to their true brothers of similar conduct, ethics, imorals, education, and standards, and must walk with them not only in spirit, but also down the simple pathways of daily living toward the practical realization of our American ideals and of the Universal Brotherhood of Mankind.

No atomic bomb that man can ever create will hesitate in its deadly descent long enough to discriminate between the pigmentation of a man's skin!

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DESIDERATA

Go placidly amid the noise and the haste, and remember what peace there may be in silence. As far as possible, without surrender, be on good terms with all persons. Speak only truth quietly and clearly; and listen to others, even to the dull and the ignorant; they too have their story. Avoid loud and aggressive persons: they are vexatious to the spirit. If you compare yourself with others, you may become vain or bitter, for always there will be greater and lesser persons than yourself. Enjoy your achievements as well as your plans. Keep interested in your own career, however humble; it is a real possession in the changing fortunes of time. Exercise caution in your business affairs, for the world is full of trickery. But let this not blind you to what virtue there is; many persons strive for high ideals, and everywhere life is full of heroism. Be yourself. Especially do not feign affection. Neither be cynical about love; for in the face of all aridity and disenchantment, it is as perennial as the grass. Take kindly the counsel of the years, gracefully surrendering the things of youth. Nurture strength of spirit to shield you in sudden misfortune. But do not distress yourself with dark imaginings. Many fears are born of fatigue and loneliness. Beyond a wholesome discipline, be gentle with yourself. You are a child of the universe no less than the trees and the stars; you have a right to be here. And whether or not it is clear to you, no doubt the universe is unfolding as it should. Therefore be at peace with God, whatever you conceive Him to be. And whatever your labors and aspirations in the noisy confusion of life, keep peace in your soul. With all its sham, drudgery, and broken dreams, it is still a beautiful world. Be cheerful. Strive to be happy. - Max Ehrman. [12]

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FORWARD WITH H. P. BLAVATSKY
F. Arteche

H.P.B.'s name, her work and teachings unquestionably constitute the solid foundation upon which rests the modern Theosophical Movement. Though at times she his been sadly neglected by some, and though others have occasionally departed from her true teachings in the pursuit of a will-o'-the-wisp luring them with fantastic promises, sooner or later they return to her, to drink again of the quenching waters of her knowledge and wisdom. Today, more than ever, she stands as the only link capable of unifying all theosophists regardless of any affiliation.

Her traducers were many - from within and from without. There will be yet others, but their names, one after the other, like a momentarily unpleasant draft, soon enter the portals of oblivion to be obliterated from the minds of men, while her own name, associated with those of the blessed Masters, remains like a shining star on the eastern horizon, a source of hope and inspiration, enshrined in the hearts of all Theosophists.

In spite of this individual love and reverence for our first teacher, there is no denying the fact that the Theosophical Movement, as a whole, presents today a sad and confusing picture. Crippled by labels and personal attachments, it is unable to fulfill in a dignified manner its appointed task. This disease which divides and cripples the Movement is not new; it dates from its infancy. No doubt, the founders foresaw all this and made allowances for such a contingency. They knew that the Theosophical Society would attract for various reasons, apart from a few intuitive individuals, a great number of people drawn from diverse faiths and creeds, who would require years of training and instruction to enable them to digest at least a portion of the teachings, and become familiar with the ethical contents of the doctrine.

The Movement in general is beyond its kindergarten stage, and if these mistakes and errors, often caused by personal pride and ambition, could be justified at the time as being characteristic of its period of gestation, today the circumstances and times are somewhat different and there is no logical reason for the perpetuation of the same mistakes. As time goes on, there becomes more and more apparent the need for a remedy, a remedy which can be found in the practicing and the living of the doctrine we proclaim, instead of merely theorizing about it. It is not a question of going "back to Blavatsky" but of moving forward, united with H P.B.

This is not a bid for the formation of another Theosophical Society under any guise whatsoever, nor do I know of anyone at present contemplating such a proposal, notwithstanding the dishonest hints and veiled accusations scattered to this effect. Anyone call see there are already as it is too many theosophical societies and independent groups. What is needed is fewer societies but more Theosophists of the conscious type, willing to work and co-operate honestly with all other Brother-Theosophists, regardless of affiliation, to carry out some of the duties entrusted to the Movement.

The presence of one or more spiritual heads and teachers within the various factions of the Theosophical Movement has been heretofore one of the major obstacles to genuine theosophical fraternization with a view to unify all the existing factions. We cannot truthfully use this idea as an excuse today; look wherever you may, all the signs are negative. Were such a spiritual guide to exist within any particular sector of the Movement, his or her outstanding spiritual characteristics and messages would be soon recognized by most true Theosophists, without the need of resorting to any psychological strategy or political maneuvering to [13] gain followers and maintain power. But lack of a spiritual teacher does not necessarily make a corpse of the Theosophical Movement. It may be a karmic situation to force the unity of the separate factions. The Movement is very much alive, but its tremendous potential energy is being wasted to maintain and perpetuate those factions and labels which have now no definite meaning and only render the Movement powerless to act in a concerted world-wide effort. The time, I believe, is ripe to begin to sow the seeds for an ultimate amalgamation of all theosophical societies and groups into a single body, increasing thus a hundred-fold the dynamic potential of the Movement in its ability to make a real dent in the thought of this New Age, and preparing at the same time a fit vessel for the New Teacher within this organized body. As things stand today, the odds are against such a unification all at once. It will require much washing and ironing before such a proposal would even be considered by most. However, it is worthwhile to make a beginning and to let the students of the "Heart Doctrine," irrespective of their personal labels, consider this imperative need carefully, and weigh their personal predilections and conveniences against their duties and responsibilities as Theosophists.

The T. S. was organized mainly to form "a nucleus of Universal Brotherhood." Can we truthfully talk of Brotherhood when within the factions themselves or in opposition to other factions practices are carried on which are contrary to what we preach? Many examples could be cited to substantiate this charge, but it is hardly necessary to do so for these practices are well known and fall mostly within the old theme of "power politics" - the canker of our civilization - and utterly un-theosophical and unbrotherly, to say the least. Which Society should I join? Which is the true one? Which one is the real nucleus of Universal Brotherhood? - asks the bewildered inquirer. Can we give him an honest and truthful answer? To tell him to join the one he likes best, doesn't answer the question, and his obvious reaction is a refusal to join any. Thus the stranger leaves disappointed. The searchers, the inquirers, are legion today; what can we offer them if we ourselves are lost in the woods?

We are in a New Age, and as stated in a previous article, new orientations, new policies and institutions are necessary in all human endeavors to cope with its fast-moving tempo. This also applies to the Theosophical Movement as a whole. The annihilation of distance and time brings the peoples of the world closer to each other in space, if not in feeling, and it is not necessary to be a wizard to sense the need of uniting at this time the energies of the whole Movement into a single active body, instead of diffusing them over a number of relatively powerless segments, The status quo, likewise, spells but death and disaster. Neither do we have to go "back to Blavatsky" but forward with H.P.B. She is the symbol and the central nucleus around which a unified Theosophical Movement could gather strength and momentum and become the leading light in the thought of the New Age.

Can we not all start scattering the seed, and working constructively for this beautiful and imperative ideal of unification until it becomes a reality!

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"Each individual member has the right to accept or reject whatever he finds in our Theosophical literature. Nor can there be any kind of a personal allegiance to any Theosophical leader which must be construed is authoritative. Each of us naturally has his own personal allegiance to one or more teachers; but that is a matter of his own private life and not to be imposed upon another." - C. Jinarajadasa, President, The Theosophical Society (Adyar), The Theosophist, August, 1947. [14]

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NICHOLAS ROERICH: PIONEER OF THE SPIRIT

We wish to record the passing, on December 13, 1947, of Professor Nikolay Konstantinovich Roerich, world-renowned Russian painter, philosopher, explorer, educator, inspired writer, and profound mystic, whose personal friendship has been to us a source of great inspiration. Though typically slavonic in his world-outlook, his sympathies and ideals, Roerich belonged to the world, and his work, artistic, humanitarian and literary, aimed at the Brotherhood of all the people in a world made One. Founder of the international "Roerich Pact and Banner of Peace Committee" intended to protect the cultural treasures of mankind against the ruthless destruction of war, acclaimed in this and other activities by kings and rulers all over the globe, Roerich never lost touch with the humble people, the long-suffering masses striving towards the light. In his books, as in his canvases, there shines that rare combination of true humility with the irresistible strength of the Spirit, soaring over the sordid side of human life, reaching for the ever-receding vistas of man's ultimate greatness, in a world of peace and good-will.

Roerich's heart, in its untiring devotion, was wholly dedicated to the cause of Peace. Through Culture and Beauty that Peace was to be attained. Through inner growth and spiritual illumination, it was to be made secure. Roerich was a profound student of the Ancient Wisdom, in whose life the teachings and the individuality of H.P. Blavatsky played a very important part. In this he was strongly upheld by his wife, Helena Ivanovna Roerich, whose magnificent translation of The Secret Doctrine Russian stands as a monument to both of them.

For many years past, Professor Roerich had lived in India, in the Kulu Valley, high in Punjab, face to face with the Himalayas. The mystic North, with its auroral displays, and the noble heights of lofty ranges - both belonged to Roerich in a very definite way. All through his life he strove towards the summits of the Spirit, pointing the path to those who would follow, over crags and boulders, skirting precipices, up the slopes of achievement, range upon range, onward forever, towards the towering heights where the sky blends with the earth, amidst the whispering silences of snow-covered peaks.

We publish the following translation from a Russian letter written in 1937 by both the Roerichs to the Congress of the Roerich Societies in the Baltic Provinces. Its spiritual appeal rings a true note of genuine mysticism. - Editor.

DEAR FRIENDS,

We rejoice at the news of your unity. To unite for the good of all is itself truly heroic deed. In such a deed are combined both motion and achievement, both self-abnegation and limitlessness. It includes every requirement of evolution. By its very essence, a heroic deed is never ugly. It is forever beautiful. May you tread the Path of Beauty!

We are moved to send you encouragement and a bright outlook for the future. Be assured, if the foundations are sound, all else will thrive. The important thing is that the roots should not be attacked by the rot of friction or outside distractions. A tiny rootlet innocently peeping up from the ground, may be cut off and burned by the passer-by. There are many such rootlets everywhere today destroyed by someone at sometime. Let Nature herself exemplify for us the need for expediency and a true sense of proportion. Some of our chief misfortunes are caused by the reckless wastefulness and carelessness of people who lack all sense of proportion.

When visiting the ancient crypts, we have always been impressed by the thought of the great flame, the bright activity, which radiated from the underground caverns. Yes, indeed, there is need for activity as a nursery for expanding energies. In creative action even the most difficult conditions can be overlooked. All weariness, as a rule, originates from a lack of creative action, or more correctly, of creative action for good. One of the best aids toward such action is, of course, friendly collaboration, and this you have already achieved. There is also need for true-hearted guidance; that you have also. This means you are well-grounded and can safely move ahead whenever you are ready ...

It is good to realize that self-perfectibility is not self-seeking but definitely creative action for the good of all. Only in this purifying fire will you ever attain. Very frequently people injure themselves and all they contact by allowing slander [15] and mockery of others behind their back to go on unchecked. In such an event, explain to the persons involved that all evil-speaking and slander returns to them tenfold, and at the most unexpected moment - when, perchance, they are under the illusion of having won a victory. Often people are deluded by the satisfaction of victory just when they stand on the very brink of an abyss they themselves helped to dig. Whereas when the heart has been pure, when it has been true, no evil can germinate. Then, if distorted minds slander and scoff at you behind your back, you can rejoice in spirit, for in spirit you will be strong, unshakeable, and undaunted.

Every worker has his own special task. Each received his own lofty mandate. Learn not only to reverence but also sincerely to love your bright creative task ... It is difficult to believe that people still imagine their thoughts call remain secret. There is naught so hid that will not be revealed. What is secret is being disclosed on every hand at the present time, and the boomerang of evil strikes back at the thrower with special rapidity and power these days. How tragic it is to see the evil-doer, who, in a moment of madness, has loosed arrows of poison, cringe when the venom he has scattered hits the hand that released it!

Hearth-fires of good action are as necessary as boards of health and sanitation. Many are the complaints because of the lack of sanitary measures. Similarly, we must see to it that creatively constructive centers multiply on beneficent foundations. Let us maintain our sacred patrol with "weapons of Light in both hands!"

Thought is more essentially real than are words. Thought is creative, and therefore is a nursery of both good and evil. The man who generates an evil thought is no less, if not more responsible for the result than is the one who commits an evil action. This you know only too well, but you will have to reiterate it many, many times. Do not regret having to repeat these simple truths over and over again to all you meet. In doing so try to find the most telling way; take into consideration your interlocutor's circumstances. Learn to discern when a gentle word is enough or when a thunderer-bolt of Light is needed.

Determine for yourselves, whenever possible, where a powerful inner urge lies hidden or where only a seed for good lies dormant. Watch without anxiety the sprouting of the seed. Every good seed will sprout sooner or later, and it is not for us to say how and when the good seed sown should bear fruit. The sower should sow but not imagine himself to be the reaper. He who is chosen to reap will gather in the harvest. And who can say which is the most wonderful: the sowing or the reaping? Sowing tires the hand, and reaping tires the back. Both efforts are moistened with sweat and are belabored. But these are joyous efforts, for in them inheres the promise of good, and your heart, when kept pure, knows where true goodness abides. Individually and in friendly intercourse with each other, you will tirelessly sow good and in that work you will find joy and vigor.

Meditate on spirituality. Discuss Beauty and Knowledge. Sustain with thought such movements as the emancipation of women. Labor for the co-operative principle, for mutual helpfulness, for a sympathetic support of the younger generation, for the sake of a brighter future.

Take the initiative in complete self-abnegation. Often have we yearned for you to become influential citizens in your own countries. Thus, in your own languages, as you expand in creative effort, you will carry to your countrymen the message of joy and perfectibility. May it be so! Uphold each other, help each other over the rough ground of human culture.

Mutual friendship is mutual co-operation and the latter is a theme-song to labor and creativeness. Prayer for creativeness is blessed with strength. May Grace descend upon you in all your labors for Light!

In heart and spirit yours,
Helena Roerich - Nicholas Roerich
Himalayas, 1937 [16]

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EXCHANGE MAGAZINES

We gratefully acknowledge the receipt of the current issues of the following magazines and journals: The Theosophist (Adyar, India), Brahmavidya (Adyar), El Teosofo Sudamericano (Montevideo, Uruguay), O Teosofista (Sao Paulo, Brazil), The Canadian Theosophist (Toronto, Canada), Theosophical News and Notes (London, England) , The Indian Theosophist (Benares, India), Theosophy in Ireland (Dublin, Ireland), Boletin Mexicana and Dharma (Mexico), Amanecer (San Pedro de los Pinos, Mexico), De Theosophische Beweging (Amsterdam, Holland), The Theosophical Movement (Bombay, India), Theosophy (Los Angeles, Calif.), Het Theosofisch Forum (Rotterdam, Holland), Teosofiskt Forum (Stockholm, Sweden), The Golden Lotus (Philadelphia, Pa.), The New Age Interpreter (Los Angeles, Calif.), Free Mind (Portland, Ore.), Divine Life and Biosophia (Mexico), The Quarter Hour (Los Angeles, Calif.), Eirenicon (Hyde, England) , The Rosicrucian Magazine (Oceanside, Calif.), Ludziom Dobrej Woli (South Bend, Ind.), Bolletino Mensile (Savona, Italy), Theosophy in New Zealand ((Aukland, N.Z.), Nordisk Teosofi (Copenhagen, Denmark), Bombay Theosophical Bulletin (Bombay, India), De Theosoof (Leiden, Holland), Manas (Los Angeles, Calif.), New Outlook (Los Angeles, Calif.), Theosophia (Arhaus, Denmark), Teosofisk Tidskrift (Stockholm, Sweden) .

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"THE SEARCHERS" DON'T MISS READING THIS BOOK!

The long-expected new book by Dr. Gustaf Stromberg, called The Searchers, has now been published. Though not a large work; it is nevertheless a major contribution to scientific and philosophical thought. The eminent astronomer and thinker develops further some of the leading thoughts expressed by him in The Soul of the Universe and elsewhere. Every student of the Ancient Wisdom should read this fascinating book written in the form of a discussion between a group of men. Dr. Stromberg's theory of the "Autonomous Field" is the closest scientific approach to the recognition of the existence of an astral pattern underlying all physical structures. The possibility of reincarnation is definitely hinted at in the Epilogue. The book his a spiritual appeal and sounds the note of high ethics. David McKay Co., Publishers, are to be congratulated for issuing this work. A more extensive analysis of it will appear shortly in the pages of Theosophia.

The book may be ordered from the Port Orient Book Co., 1252 First Ave., San Diego 1, California, or from the Editorial Offices of Theosophia. (Price: $3.00).

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THEOSOPHICAL MOVEMENT
(Partial Directory)

THE THEOSOPHICAL SOCIETY: Intern'l Hdqrts., Adyar, Madras, India. C. Jinarajadasa, President. Off. Organ of the Pres.: The Theosophist.
United States Section: James S. Perkins, Gen. Sec'y, "Olcott," Wheaton, Ill. Off. Organ: The American Theosophist. Canadian Section: Lt.-Col. E. L. Thomson, Gen. Sec'y, 52 Isabella St., Toronto, Ontario. Off. Organ: The Canadian Theosophist (Albert E.S. Smythe, Editor).
Literature: The Theosophical Publishing House. Adyar, Madras, India, and 68 Great Russell St., London W.C. 1, England. - The Theosophical Press, '"Olcott," Wheaton, Ill. - Editions Adyar, 4 Square Rapp, Paris vii, France.

THE THEOSOPHICAL SOCIETY: Intern'l Hdqrts., Covina, Calif., U.S.A. Arthur L. Conger, Leader. Off. Organ: The Theosophical Forum.
American-Canadian Section: Maj. Oliver J. Schoonmaker, Pres., 802 Jackson Ave., Washington 12, D.C.
Literature: Theosophical University Press, Covina, Calif. - Theosophical Book Co., 119 Stoughton Rd., Guildford, Surrey, England. - U.M., C.A.J. van Dishoek c.v., Nwe. 's-Graveland-scheweg 36, Bussum, Holland. - Box 1292 G.P.O., Sydney, Australia. - Teosofiska Bokforiaget, Tegnersgatan 29, Stockholm, Sweden.

THE UNITED LODGE OF THEOSOPHISTS: selected list of centers -
Los Angeles 7, Calif., 245 West 33rd St. Literature: Theosophy Company, publishers of the magazine Theosophy.
Bombay, India, 51 Mahatma Gandhi Rd. Literature: Theosophy Company, Ltd., Publishers of the magazine The Theosophical Movement. - International Book House, Ltd., Bombay 1. - "Aryasangha," Malabar Hill, Bombay 6, Editors of the magazine The Aryan Path.
London, England, 17 Great Cumberland Place.
Paris v, France, 14 Rue de l'Abbe de l'Epee.
Sydney, Australia, Federation House, 166 Philip St.

THE BLAVATSKY ASSOCIATION: 26 Bedford Gardens, Campden Hill, London, W.8, England.